Alagoas records the 6th largest drop in the number of births in the Northeast in one year | Arapiraca Diary

Alagoas records the 6th largest drop in the number of births in the Northeast in one year | Arapiraca Diary
Alagoas records the 6th largest drop in the number of births in the Northeast in one year | Arapiraca Diary
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/ Photo: Freepik

/ Photo: Freepik

Writing with TNH1

A survey by ‘Brazil in Maps’ showed that Alagoas had the sixth largest drop in the number of births in a year in the Northeast, compared between 2021 and 2022. The research was based on statistics from the Civil Registry (2023) and IBGE (Institute Brazilian Geography and Statistics), this year.

Released only as a percentage of variation between years, the numbers show that the state had a negative variation of 6%, as did all federation units located in the same region. The biggest decrease in NE and the country was recorded in Paraíba (-9.9%).

In sequence [no Nordeste], appear Maranhão (-8.5%); Sergipe (-7.8%); Rio Grande do Norte (-7.3%); Pernambuco (-6.1%); Alagoas (-6%); Bahia and Piauí (-5.8% each); and Ceará (-5.6%). The only Brazilian states that had positive changes, within the period evaluated, were Mato Grosso (1.8%) and Santa Catarina (2%).

In 2022, Brazil recorded 2.5 million births in 2022, a drop of 3.5% compared to 2.6 million in the previous year, being the lowest since the 1970s, according to Civil Registry Statistics. The northeast (-6.7%) and north (-3.8%) regions had the biggest declines. Compared to the average of the five years prior to the pandemic (2015 to 2019), there was a decrease of 326 thousand births (-11.4%).

The survey also shows that the analysis of birth records confirmed the tendency of women having children later, or with a greater preference for not having them. To give you an idea, in the 1960s in Brazil, the rate was 6 children per woman; in the 80s, there were 4 children; in the 2000s there were 2 children; in 2020 the average is 1.65 children. See a comparison of the national total of live births below:

1980: 4.8 million;
1990: 3.6 million;
2000: 3.2 million;
2010: 2.8 million;
2020: 2.7 million;
2021: 2.6 million;
2022: 2.5 million;
2023 (preliminary DataSus): 2.4 million.
About the search

The numbers refer to the variation in the number of live births in Brazil, from 2021 to 2022. A “live birth” is considered as the complete extraction or expulsion of the baby’s body from the mother, who is breathing or showing any other sign of life, such as heartbeat.


The article is in Portuguese

Brazil

Tags: Alagoas records #6th largest drop number births Northeast year Arapiraca Diary

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