Ease of solving logical-mathematical equations and challenges, quick and accurate thinking, creativity, pleasure in reading and sports activities. These are some of the characteristics of 8-year-old student Lucas Palazzo de Morais. He lives in Vitória and is one of 1,270 gifted or highly skilled children in Espírito Santo.
Last year, the boy underwent a series of evaluations until experts identified that his IQ (intelligence quotient) is 146. So much so that, in June of this year, Lucas was accepted into a global organization that brings together people with the same profile. .
On average, the population of Brazil has an IQ of 100 points, ranging from 85 to 115 (plus or minus 15 points). Gifted, or super-intelligent, people have an IQ far above this average and make up 5% of the planet’s population, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
Lucas’ mother, the architect Raisa Barbosa Palazzo, 34, said that she realized that there was something different with her firstborn when classes stopped being face-to-face due to Covid-19, still in 2020.
For reasons related to the internet connection, Lucas was unable to follow the class right at the beginning of the remote classes. After a period, even late, he had access to the disciplines and quickly understood all the content. The boy studies at a private school in the Capital.
The ability to learn caught the attention of Raisa and her husband, doctor Rafael Carvalho de Morais. From then on, last year, the boy was evaluated by a professional from São Paulo and submitted to a certified intelligence test.
“Lucas took the WISC IV, the gold standard test for intelligence quotient, and in this test, this 146 means that he is part of the 99.9th percentile, that is, for every 100 children, he has an IQ greater than 99.9 at his age. “
The tests also revealed that he has an academic, intellectual, creative and productive profile. Giftedness is not a disease, it is a genetic neuroatypical condition, when the brain works in a different way.
Since 2013, students with these characteristics have been directed to Special Education, where they receive assistance to develop their potential with rights provided for in the Constitution and in the Law of Directives and Bases (LDB).
“On a day-to-day basis, math is what draws our attention the most, but he loves to read and create too. He has been doing math in his head since he was 3 years old. We are in the process of looking for school assistance, which is very difficult, because gifted children process information very quickly, especially when it is an area of ease and interest for them. Their brain physiology is different and, therefore, they are considered atypical”, explains the mother.
Psychologist and neuropsychologist Damião Silva specializes in high skills. He explains that five areas are looked at when there is an ongoing investigation to identify whether the person has characteristics that indicate above-average intellectual level:
- General intellectual capacity
- Artistic, psychomotor, interpersonal skills
- Specific academic skills
“These abilities of human knowledge present themselves in a very remarkable way and remain in the individual, that is, they do not disappear throughout life.”
Because of this, still according to the specialist, these skills “provide a highlight in one or more areas given their occurrence much above average, comparing people of the same age group”.
WORLD CLUB OF SUPERINTELLIGENTS
In June of this year, Lucas Palazzo de Morais was integrated as a member of Mensa, an organization founded in 1946 in the United Kingdom that brings together people with high intellectual capacities. Anyone who scores 131 points or more in tests is accepted into Mensa.
In this case, you need percentile 98, that is, an IQ greater than 98% of the population. The details of the exercises are not disclosed. According to Agência Estado, the Mensa Brasil Association, the entity that represents Mensa International, reported that the country has 2,014,000 members, 58 of which are minors.
Lucas’ mother explained that she registered through the Mensa club website. The boy’s reports were evaluated by psychology professionals, and the student was considered fit in Mensa Brasil and in the international club.
“Being part of Mensa is interesting, because not everyone knows what giftedness is. At the club, we gain a certain ease of access to some activities and institutions. We imagine that he will enjoy the group when he gets bigger,” he said. Raisa.
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