Crisis in the soybean harvest limits expansion of areas in Mato Grosso

Crisis in the soybean harvest limits expansion of areas in Mato Grosso
Crisis in the soybean harvest limits expansion of areas in Mato Grosso
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Soybean producers in Mato Grosso faced a challenging 2023/24 season, with significant drops in production and prices that did not keep up with the weather adversities, resulting in negative net operating revenue.

The superintendent of the Mato Grosso Institute of Agricultural Economics (Imea), Cleiton Gauer, indicated that these difficulties could restrict the expansion of areas in the 2024/25 harvest.

Despite Mato Grosso being the largest soybean producing state in Brazil, the area planted in the last harvest remained practically stable compared to previous years, demonstrating producers’ caution in the face of uncertainties.

Gauer highlighted that, although producers tend to maintain production in areas already cultivated, new investments and expansions are likely to be limited, especially in areas that would require greater investment.

The crop failure recorded by Imea was 15% compared to the previous cycle, reducing Mato Grosso’s participation in national soybean production from around 30% to 25%, according to data from Conab.

This reduction in production, combined with unfavorable prices, complicated the scenario for producers, who are now dealing with the prospect of high costs and possible debts in the next harvest.

Glauber Silveira, executive director of the Brazilian Association of Corn Producers (Abramilho), commented that less productive areas, such as sandy areas, which were incorporated into planting in recent years, could be the first to suffer from reductions in the new season.

Researcher Mauro Osaki, from Cepea, presented a more detailed overview of the financial challenges faced by producers, with net operating revenue in Sorriso (MT) being negative at 370 reais per hectare.

This scenario reflects the impacts of low productivity and unfavorable prices, despite the reduction in the costs of some inputs, such as fertilizers and seeds.

For the 2024/25 harvest, producers will have to manage operating costs and debts accumulated from the previous cycle. Osaki warned that, even with reasonable production next year, paying debts and necessary investments could be a challenge, requiring replanning and possible cost reductions on the part of farmers.

The article is in Portuguese

Brazil

Tags: Crisis soybean harvest limits expansion areas Mato Grosso

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