Excessive alcohol consumption is proven to be linked to a number of health problems, such as liver cirrhosis, alcoholic hepatitis and gastritis. But the substance, even in small amounts, can increase the chances of cancer.
In 2020, a survey identified that 4% of new cases of the disease recorded in the year were associated with alcohol consumption, with a higher incidence in men. According to the National Cancer Institute (Inca), the substance is strongly associated with the development of some types of cancer, so it is necessary to control – and if possible, avoid – the intake of drinks to reduce the chance of having tumors.
The institution even recommends that patients with any tumor avoid drinking all types of alcoholic beverages, no matter the amount, as they make it difficult to absorb some medications and compromise the functioning of the body.
Here are the main types of cancer related to alcohol consumption:
Each year, about 15,000 new cases of oral cancer are recorded in Brazil. Although it is more associated with habits such as smoking, frequent consumption of alcoholic beverages also influences the emergence of mutations in cells in any part of the mouth, which start to multiply in an uncontrolled way.
Neck cancers encompass diseases in various locations in the region, such as salivary glands, larynx, pharynx and thyroid. As they are connected to the mouth, the same risk factors must be considered to decrease the chances of developing the diseases.
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According to the National Cancer Institute, for each year of the triennium 2020/2022, about 625 thousand cases of the disease will be recorded in Brazil.Science Photo Library – STEVE GSCHMEISSNER, Getty Images
Extremely common in the country, skin cancer is characterized by the appearance of tumors on the skin in the form of spots or spots with irregular shapes. Related to prolonged exposure to the sun, exposure to artificial tanning cameras or for hereditary reasons, the disease can be treated through surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.miriam-doerr/istock
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Breast cancer is caused by the uncontrolled multiplication of cells in the breast. Although common in women, the disease can also affect men. Among the symptoms of the disease are: pain in the breast region, hardened lump, redness, swelling and bloody secretion. Treatment involves surgery to remove the breast, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and hormone therapy.SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/Getty Images
More common in men, prostate cancer has the following symptoms: blood in the urine, difficulty urinating, the need to urinate several times a day and the delay in starting and finishing urinating. Surgery and radiation therapy are among the treatments for the disease.Getty Images
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Although it may be related to hyperthyroidism, smoking, changes in sex hormones and diabetes, for example, thyroid cancer is still not well understood by experts. Despite this, treatments against the disease involve hormone therapy, radiotherapy, radioactive iodine and chemotherapy, depending on the case. getty images
Lung cancer is one of the types with the highest incidence in Brazil. Related to the use or prolonged exposure to smoking, its main symptoms are shortness of breath, chest pain, recurrent pneumonia, bronchitis, bloody sputum and frequent coughing. The disease is treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or/and surgeryBSIP / getty images
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In Brazil, squamous squamous cell carcinoma has the highest incidence among stomach cancers. Treatments involve surgery or radiation and chemotherapyiStock
Stomach cancer is diagnosed after identifying malignant tumors spread throughout the organ that can appear as ulcers. Related to infections caused by Helicobacter Pylori, by the presence of ulcers and untreated chronic gastritis, for example, the disease can cause vomiting with blood or blood in the stool, frequent belly pain and constant heartburnSmith Collection/Gado/Getty Images
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Cervical cancer has symptoms of intermittent vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain related to bowel or urinary complaints, and abnormal vaginal discharge. Treatment involves chemotherapy, radiation and surgery.Science Photo Library/GettyImages
Oral cancer is a disease that involves the presence of malignant tumors on the lips, gums, roof of the mouth, tongue, cheeks and bones. It is more common in men over 40 years old and has as symptoms oral cavity sores, tongue stains and neck nodules, for example. Treatment involves surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.pexels
Breast cancer is the main type of the disease in women, although it also occurs in men, and alcohol consumption can increase the risk of developing the tumor. Studies have already shown that even small amounts of beverages like wine can lead to mutations.
Liver cancer is silent and symptoms usually appear in the later stages of the disease. Among them are abdominal pain, nausea, loss of appetite, weight loss and yellow eyes. In addition to being a consequence of frequent alcohol consumption, people with fatty liver or who use anabolic steroids are at greater risk for cancer.
Bowel cancer is the third most common in Brazil and affects about 40,000 people a year in the country. It is characterized by tumors that develop in a part of the large intestine, the colon, or in the rectum, which is at the end of the organ.
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