Municipality of Mato Grosso fights in court to avoid losing 80% of its territory

Municipality of Mato Grosso fights in court to avoid losing 80% of its territory
Municipality of Mato Grosso fights in court to avoid losing 80% of its territory
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The mayor of New Ubiratan, a municipality 476 km from Cuiabá, follows the news from the Federal Supreme Court daily, hoping to find something new in the discussion about the creation of a new municipality in the state of Mato Grosso – Boa Esperança do Norte. Mayor Edegar José Bernardi filed a new appeal against the emancipation of Boa Esperança because, with it, Nova Ubiratã loses 80% of its territorial area.

“The area they want corresponds to more than 50% of our productive area. Today, Nova Ubiratã is the second largest grain producer in the state and the fourth in the country, and this will reduce our municipality almost to dust”, says Bernardi to Agro Estadão.

The mayor explains that the municipality has 1.2 million hectares, but around 700 thousand hectares are permanent preservation areas (APPs), indigenous or forest, and that grain production is concentrated in the remainder. “More than 70% of our GDP comes from agriculture, with soy, corn, cotton and cattle. Our revenue will fall by 30% and I don’t know how we will manage it”, he complains.

Map shows boundaries of the municipalities of Nova Ubiratã, Sorriso and Boa Esperança do Norte. Source: Nova Ubiratã City Hall

Understand how the discussion started

The case began in 2000, when Good Hope of the North was created, ceasing to be a district of Sorriso. Since then, the city hall of Nova Ubiratã (which was also a district of Sorriso and was created in 1995) filed writs of mandamus and the case ended up at the STF. In October last year, the STF overturned the decision of the Mato Grosso Court of Justice that had considered the new municipality’s emancipation law unconstitutional. Now, a new appeal can be judged at any time.

In addition to appealing the STF’s decision, Nova Ubiratã filed an annulment action against the plebiscite that gave rise to the Boa Esperança do Norte emancipation law. The municipality’s lawyers question some irregularities in the process, including the plebiscite. In the action, they say that “according to the documents presented by the city of Nova Ubiratã, the plebiscite did not reach the absolute majority quorum of voters, as required by state legislation. The documents show that only 26.61% of those elected in Sorriso and 42.6% of those elected in Nova Ubiratã participated.”

What those involved say

With the STF’s current decision, Boa Esperança do Norte will have its first municipal elections in October 2024. The municipality has an area of ​​450 thousand hectares and a population of 7 thousand inhabitants. O deputy mayor of Boa Esperança do NorteCalebe Francio, says that the population is excited, as they have been waiting for many years to obtain autonomy.

“All municipalities are created from somewhere. When Nova Ubiratã was created, it took most of Vera”, says Calebe to Agro Estadão. According to him, the topic was thoroughly discussed and the municipality already has all the structures ready, such as the police and hospital, with only formalization missing.

In response to the process currently underway at the STF, the attorney general of the municipality of SorrisoAlex Sandro Monarin, wrote that “the plebiscite was formalized and regulated by Resolution 436/2000 of the TRE-MT”, and that any formality in the resolution should be filed with the state body.

The article is in Portuguese

Tags: Municipality Mato Grosso fights court avoid losing territory

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