Autism is different in men and women; know how to identify symptoms

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The diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in women presents different challenges than the process in men. Social camouflage, a behavior frequently observed in autistic women, makes identifying symptoms more complex, leading to late diagnoses or even the invisibility of the disorder.

According to Folha de S. Paulo, experts such as neuropsychologist Joana Portolese, from the HC-USP Autism Outpatient Clinic, explain that autistic girls tend to mask their characteristics to fit into different social contexts. This camouflage can manifest itself in different ways, such as an effort to imitate the behavior of other girls; suppression of authentic interests and behaviors; development of artificial social skills; camouflage of sensory difficulties.


Late Diagnosis

The late diagnosis of ASD in women causes impairment in the development of social and communication skills, difficulties in academic and professional life, psychological suffering and mental exhaustion, in addition to comorbidities such as depression, anxiety and eating disorders.

According to the expert, it is important to be aware of some subtle signs that may indicate autism in women, even if camouflaged, such as the lack of social motivation and difficulty in maintaining friendships, the difficulty in maintaining eye contact, the difficulty in integrating verbal communication and non-verbal, restricted and intense interests and atypical sensory sensitivity.

Early diagnosis of ASD is essential for autistic women to receive adequate treatment and develop their full potential. Treatment may include occupational therapy, speech therapy, physical therapy, psychopedagogical therapy and psychosocial interventions.

Portal do Holanda was founded on November 14, 2005. First with a column, named after its founder, journalist Raimundo de Holanda. Then it moved to Blog do Holanda and finally Portal do Holanda. It was one of the first websites in the State of Amazonas. It is audited by IVC and ComScore.


The article is in Portuguese

Tags: Autism men women identify symptoms

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