Several Campinas residents played an important role in the fight for the republic in Brazil. Main center of the republican movement in São PuloCampinas was the city chosen for important events, such as the meeting at which the Republican Party commission was elected, with the participation of members from Campinas.
As explained by Campinas City Hall, this committee was present at the founding of the São Paulo Republican Party and in the participation in assemblies and conventions, contributing to the increase in the party’s influence. Campinas is even known as the historical cradle of republican idealsand played a fundamental role in the creation of the São Paulo Republican Party.
This Wednesday (15), Brazil celebrates the Proclamation of the Republic holiday. 134 years ago, army soldiers removed Dom Pedro II from the throne, marking the end of the monarchy in the country. g1 listed some of the main names who actively contributed to changing the political regime in the country and who currently give their names to important roads in the city:
Francisco Glicério was one of the leaders of the republican movement in Campinas and played a fundamental role in organizing and articulating republican ideals in the region. Lawyer and politician from Campinas, he joined the Provisional Government as Minister of Agriculture, Commerce and Public Works and was interim Minister of Justice.
Furthermore, he was considered one of the most important figures in the fight for the Republic. Francisco Glicério played a fundamental role in the movement for the Proclamation of the Republic and was one of the authors of the Republican Constitution of February 24, 1891.
Currently, he gives his name to the most important avenue in Campinas. Avenida Francisco Glicério, which is 2.35 km long, is known for its large local commerce.
A politician from Campinas, Manuel Ferraz de Campos Salles was president of Brazil from 1898 to 1902 and played an important role in the political stabilization of the country after the Proclamation of the Republic. He had a significant participation in the consolidation of the Republic in Brazil, and was the first Campinas native to occupy the position of General Deputy in 1884.
Campos Salles served as Minister of Justice in the provisional government of Deodoro da Fonseca, senator of the republic in 1891 and president of the State of São Paulo in 1896.
Today, he also gives his name to an important avenue in Campinas, Campos Sales. It is also located in the city center.
Bernardino de Campos, was present in the movement of November 15, 1889 and was one of those responsible for writing the Republican Constitution of 1891, which established the foundations of the new political regime in Brazil.
Politician and jurist, he was one of the leaders of the republican movement in Campinas and played an important role in the political articulation for the overthrow of the monarchical regime.
Despite being born in Pouso Alegre (MG), Bernardino built a large part of his political career in Campinas. He is another politician whose name was also honored on a street in Campinas, Bernardino de Campos, which is located in the Conceição neighborhood.
Francisco Quirino dos Santos, known as Dr. Quirino, was the one who founded Gazeta de Campinas, in 1869, a vehicle for disseminating liberal and anti-slavery ideals. He was a member of the Republican Party committee.
Francisco Quirino was also active in Campinas, one of the most important locations in the then Province of São Paulo. He also gives his name to a street in the city center.
Holiday of the Proclamation of the Republic
Since 1949, November 15th has been a national holiday, regulated by Federal Law 662, by President Eurico Gaspar Dutra. With the Proclamation of the Republic, Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca took over as the first president of Brazil. The country became a secular state and presidentialism became the system of government.
The organization of the republic took shape when a new Constitution was promulgated in 1891.