LIVE OUT LOUD | Brazilian modernist magazines

After the Modern Art Week, which took place between February 11 and 17, 22, in São Paulo, on May 15 of the same year, the magazine “Klaxon: Memórias de Arte Moderna” appears, with Rubens Borba de Morais being its main formulator. Klaxon lasted nine issues and had the collaboration of Mário de Andrade, Guilherme de Almeida, Sérgio Milliet, Oswald de Andrade, Menotti del Picchia, Manuel Bandeira, Ribeiro Couto, Sérgio Buarque de Holanda and Ronald de Carvalho, among others.

In August 1922, another modernist magazine appeared, this time in Rio de Janeiro. It is called “Árvore Nova: Revista do Movimento Cultural do Brasil” and is directed by Rocha de Andrade and Tasso da Silveira. “Árvore Nova” had four issues and published texts by Manuel Bandeira, Cecília Meireles, Sérgio Buarque de Holanda, Guilherme de Almeida, Jorge de Lima and José Lins do Rego, among others.


In São Paulo, the “Novíssima”, from 1923, edited by Cassiano Ricardo still appears; “Terra roxa and other lands”, from 1926, directed by Couto de Barros and Alcântara Machado, and the “Revista de Antropofagia”, which circulated between 1928 and 1929, led by Alcântara Machado and Raul Bopp, in the first phase, and Raul Bopp and Jaime Adour da Câmara, in the second phase.

In Rio de Janeiro, “Terra do Sol” appeared between 1924 and 1925, “Festa”, which circulated between 1927 and 1929, and the magazine “Estética”, by Prudente de Morais, neto, and by Sérgio Buarque de Holanda, who took three numbers between 1924 and 1925.

He recalls the Minas Gerais writer Luiz Ruffato (author of an important book about Revista Verde, from Cataguases, his homeland) who, throughout the twenties, influenced by new ideas, modernist magazines appeared in various parts of Brazil: “Mauriceia” , from 1923, and “Revista do Norte’, from 1926, in Recife; “Belém Nova”, from 1923, in Belém, Pará; “A Revista”, from 1925, and “Leite Criolo”, from 1929, in Belo Horizonte; “Madrugada”, from 1926, in Porto Alegre; “Arco e seta”, from 1928, in Salvador: “Maracujá”, from 1928, in Fortaleza; and “Ecuador”, from 1929, in Manaus.

In the interior of Minas, the first reference to be made is to “Elétrica: Revista Moderna e Illustrated do Sul de Minas”, published in Itanhandu between 1927 and 1928. Rio de Janeiro to be treated in that municipality, where he began teaching at the Ginásio Sul Mineiro. According to Luiz Ruffato, Heitor Alves was encouraged by the writer Ribeiro Couto, at the time a prosecutor in neighboring Pouso Alto. He also enjoyed the help of the then young Heli Menegale (later president of the Academia Mineira de Letras), responsible for overseeing the printing of the magazine in Passa Quatro, where he lived. The periodical had a total of nine issues: six monthly issues between May and October and a double issue in November-December 1927, another double issue in January-February 1928 and a last issue in May of the same year. In “Elétrica” Carlos Drummond de Andrade, Pedro Nava, Murilo Araújo and Tasso da Silveira collaborated.

At the same time, the only issue of the magazine “Montanha” was published in Ubá, whose team included Martins de Oliveira, Leocádia Godinho e Siqueira, Alcino Duque and Azevedo Correa Filho, Venâncio Barbosa and Assis Rodrigues. But the most famous modernist magazine in the interior of the state was “Green”, which I have already mentioned in this space.

The article is in Portuguese

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