Currently, Brazil has a high number of probable dengue cases: 262,247 cases, four times higher than that recorded in the last week of January last year. The Ministry of Health created an Emergency Operations Center and will begin administering vaccines through the SUS network.
Brazil has 262,247 probable cases of dengueaccording to the latest update from the Ministry of Health, released this Friday afternoon, 2. The number is four times higher than that recorded in the last epidemiological week of January last year. The increase raised alarm in the states and in the ministry, which installed an Emergency Operations Center – COE Dengue last Thursday, 1st.
The situation is more alarming in the Federal District, which has the highest incidence of skyrocketing cases compared to other Brazilian states. There are 1147.8 probable cases of dengue per 100 thousand inhabitants. In total, 32,334 people are suspected of having the disease in the region.
Next comes Acre, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Goiás and Espírito Santo. The State of Rio de Janeiro appears seventh on the list, which prompted the mayor of the capital of Rio de Janeiro, Eduardo Paes, to launch a series of measures to contain the dengue epidemic in the city. There, the number of hospitalized patients in January reached the highest number in the city’s history, according to the Municipal Health Department.
Check out the states where there is the highest incidence of dengue:
In general terms, the probable cases of dengue for January this year are equivalent to those recorded in entire years in Brazil. In 2017 and 2018, for example, the country recorded 239,389 and 262,594 cases of dengue respectively.
The Ministry of Health announced that 521 municipalities will receive and administer dengue vaccines through the Unified Health System (SUS). Immunization is scheduled to begin this February, according to the ministry.
There will still be a definition of the audience and priority regions. However, in the first phase of immunization, citizens from 16 states and the Federal District that have municipalities that meet the requirements for the immediate start of immunization will be vaccinated.
The states are:
- Large northern river;
- Mato Grosso do Sul;
- São Paulo;
- Holy Spirit;
- Rio de Janeiro;
- Minas Gerais;
- Santa Catarina.
Initially, the Qdenga lots will be allocated to municipalities that have more than 100 thousand inhabitants and high rates of transmission of the disease in the last ten years. Qdenga, which will be applied by SUS, has been shown to be effective against three dengue serotypes: DENV-1 in 69.8% of cases; DENV-2 in 95.1%; and DENV-3 in 48.9%.
Alert on: dengue cases spike in several states
It was not possible to evaluate the effectiveness of the dengue vaccine for DENV-4, as there were few cases of dengue caused by this serotype. These data were released by the Brazilian Society of Immunizations (SBim).
Who can get the dengue vaccine?
In the first phase, the dengue vaccine will only be offered to children and adolescents aged 10 to 14. This group was chosen because this is the age group that presents the highest risk of worsening the disease.
However, Qdenga is recommended for people aged 4 to 60, from those who have already had dengue fever to those who have never been infected — unlike Dengvaxia, which is only recommended for people who have already been infected with the dengue virus.
Qdenga is not recommended for the following groups:
- People over 60 years old;
- Are you allergic to any of the components of the vaccine;
- Has a compromised immune system;
- Have an immunosuppressive condition;
- Pregnant and breastfeeding women.
In the case of Dengvaxia, available only on the private network, it is also not recommended for people over 45 years of age.
Source: Redação Terra