Data released this Friday (2) by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) show that Brazil has more religious establishments than health and school units combined.
According to details from the 2022 Census, of the total addresses, 579.8 thousand are related to religious purposes, regardless of the belief. This includes churches, synagogues, temples, spiritist centers and terreiros, for example.
Educational establishments total 264.4 thousand locations, while healthcare establishments total 247.5 thousand addresses.
The survey considers the final use of the property, and not the administration of the establishment. For example, a Catholic school counts as an educational facility, not a religious location. The same goes for a hospital maintained by Santa Casa, which is counted as an address with healthcare activities.
The exact location of these points and the type of use were captured through georeferencing during visits by census takers in the 5,568 Brazilian municipalities in the 26 states and the Federal District.
It was the first time that the institute identified the precise location and type of purpose of all addresses in the country.
Of the 111.1 million points mapped, 90.6 million are private homes, residential buildings and houses, for example. This represents 81.5% of the total.
The second most common use is the so-called other purposes, which represent 10.5% of the surveyed universe. There are 11.7 million addresses that operate as stores, banks, public buildings, shopping malls, among others.
The census takers identified 4.1 million establishments related to agricultural activities and 3.5 million buildings under construction or renovation.
In 2022, Brazil had 104.5 thousand collective homes, such as nursing homes, boarding houses and penitentiaries.
The data is made available to society in interactive maps on the IBGE website, through the Interactive Geographic Platform and Panorama.
IBGE explains that data in maximum detail are sources of information, among other purposes, for the development of public policies and academic research. For example, it is possible to know precisely where health units are located in a given location and how many people live within the radius of influence of these establishments.
“It is necessary to know where the population is concentrated, how it is distributed and what use is intended for each of the buildings built in the country”, states the institute