Of the 6 deaths from dengue, 4 had hypertension and 1 had hematological disease

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The Federal District recorded six deaths from dengue in the first 27 days of 2024. According to the Department of Health (SES-DF), among the dead, five had comorbidities, 4 being diagnosed with hypertension and 1 with a hematological disease.

Also according to the folder, the following are considered risk comorbidities for dengue: high blood pressure or other cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic hematological diseases — mainly sickle cell anemia —, chronic kidney disease, peptic acid disease and autoimmune diseases.

According to the epidemiological bulletin released by the department on Thursday (1/2), the patients who died were between 5 and 79 years old, five of whom were male and one female. The victims lived in Ceilândia (2), Guará (2), Estrutural (1) and Lago Sul (1).

In addition to the 6 confirmed deaths, another 24 are being investigated by the secretariat.

Other risk factors

According to SES-DF, susceptibility to the dengue virus is universal, however, there are individual risk factors. They are: age, ethnicity, presence of comorbidities and secondary infection that can determine the severity of the disease.

Younger children are at greater risk of complications due to dengue infection. Also within the most vulnerable group are people over 65 years of age, because they have a less efficient immune system, the possible existence of associated diseases and even the fact that they become dehydrated more easily.

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Dengue is an infectious disease transmitted by the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. With greater incidence in summer, its main symptoms are: body aches and high fever. Considered a serious public health problem in Brazil, the disease can lead to patient death
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Aedes aegypti has diurnal habits, can be found in urban areas and requires still water to allow the larvae to develop and become adults, after the eggs hatch, within 10 days.
Joao Paulo Burini/ Getty Images

Aedes aegypti, also known as the dengue mosquito - Metropolis
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Infection of humans only occurs through the bite of a female mosquito. Aedes aegypti transmits the virus through saliva when it feeds on blood, which is necessary for eggs to be produced.
Joao Paulo Burini/ Getty Images

Aedes aegypti, also known as the dengue mosquito - Metropolis
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In general, dengue has four serotypes. This means that a single person can be infected by each of these microorganisms and generate permanent immunity to each of them. In other words, it is possible to be infected up to four times
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Person lying down looking at a thermometer that indicates body temperature - Metropolis
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The first signs are generally not specific. They appear about three days after the mosquito bite and can include: high fever, which usually lasts 2 to 7 days, headache, body and joint pain, weakness, pain behind the eyes, rash, nausea and vomiting
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Woman lying on a hospital stretcher - Metrópoles
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During the period when the fever decreases or disappears, most cases progress towards recovery and cure of the disease. However, some patients may experience more severe symptoms, which include bleeding and can lead to death.
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Woman in front of a toilet as if she was going to vomit - Metrópoles
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In severe cases, the symptoms are: persistent vomiting, intense and continuous abdominal pain, or pain when the abdomen is touched, loss of sensation and movements, bloody urine, bleeding from mucous membranes, dizziness and drop in blood pressure, enlargement of the liver and red blood cells or erythrocytes in the blood
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Person sitting on hospital stretcher - metropolis
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In these cases, symptoms result in shock, which happens when a critical volume of blood plasma is lost. Signs of this condition are clammy skin, rapid and weak pulse, agitation and decreased blood pressure
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Blonde woman lying on the floor - Metrópoles
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Some patients may also present neurological manifestations, such as seizures and irritability. Shock lasts for a short time and can lead to death within 12 to 24 hours, or rapid recovery after appropriate anti-shock therapy.
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Person holding pills in hands - metropolis
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Despite its severity, dengue can be treated with analgesics and antipyretics, under medical supervision, such as paracetamol or dipyrone to alleviate symptoms.
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Woman lying on a hospital stretcher - Metrópoles
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To complete the treatment, rest and fluid intake are recommended. In the case of dengue hemorrhagic fever, therapy must be carried out in the hospital, with the use of medication and, if necessary, platelet transfusion.
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Suspected cases of dengue

This year, until January 27, 29,492 probable diagnoses of the disease were recorded. In relation to the profile of probable dengue cases in residents of the Federal District, the highest incidence of cases is observed in females, with 55.1% of cases.

The age group with the highest incidence of probable cases of dengue, in residents of the DF, is in the age group of 20 to 29 years old with an incidence of 1,092.2 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants, followed by the age groups of 70 to 79 years old and 80 years old and more, with 1,078.6 and 1,046.1 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants, respectively.

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The article is in Portuguese

Tags: deaths dengue hypertension hematological disease

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