Brazil has more religious temples than hospitals and schools combined; North Region leads with 459 for every 100 thousand inhabitants | Census

Brazil has more religious temples than hospitals and schools combined; North Region leads with 459 for every 100 thousand inhabitants | Census
Brazil has more religious temples than hospitals and schools combined; North Region leads with 459 for every 100 thousand inhabitants | Census
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1 of 1 Faithful holds rosary in his hands while praying, in an illustrative photo — Photo: Gabriel Bouys/AFP
Faithful holds rosary in his hands while praying, in an illustrative photo — Photo: Gabriel Bouys/AFP

Brazil has more religious establishments than the combined total of educational and health institutions. This is what the new data from the 2022 Census released this Friday (2) by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) show. There are, on average, 286 churches for every 100 thousand inhabitants of the country.

For the first time, IBGE mapped all the geographic coordinates and types of buildings that make up the 111 million addresses in Brazil registered during the research.

The Census understands religious establishments as churches, temples, synagogues and temples, for example, of all religions.

  • Religious establishments (churches, temples and others): 579.7 thousand – 286 for every 100 thousand inhabitants
  • Educational establishment (schools, daycare centers, universities): 264.4 thousand – 130 for every 100 thousand inhabitants
  • Health establishment (hospitals, clinics, emergency rooms): 247.5 thousand – 122 for every 100 thousand inhabitants

A North region It is the one with the highest relationship between the number of religious establishments and the total population. There is 79,650 churches in the states of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima and Tocantins, which represents an average of 459 for every 100 thousand inhabitants, almost double the value for Brazil as a whole.

Acre leads the national average, with 554 churches for every 100,000 inhabitants, followed by Roraima and Amazonas, both with 485 for every 100,000.

On the opposite side, the South region (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina) has the lowest relationship between the number of churches and population, with 226 for every 100 thousand.

Other address types

The vast majority of addresses in Brazil are made up of private homes, that is, houses and apartments. In second place are commercial establishments with “other purposes”, such as commerce, cultural or public buildings.

  • Private households (houses, apartments): 90.6 million
  • Establishments for other purposes (shops, public and cultural buildings): 11.7 million
  • Agricultural establishments: 4 million
  • Buildings under construction: 3.5 million
  • Collective households (hotels, prisons, guesthouses, nursing homes): 104.5 thousand

According to IBGE, the greater precision of the survey It can be an important tool for urban planning and the creation of specific public policies.

It is possible, for example, to map households impacted by environmental phenomena such as floods, landslides, fires and droughts. Or count the services offered to the population according to demographic density.

After 50 years, IBGE returns to using the term favela in the Census

Information from the 2022 Census began to be released in June 2023. Since then, it has been possible to know that:

  • Brazil has 203 million inhabitants, a smaller number than estimated by initial projections;
  • The country continues to become increasingly feminine and older. The median age of a Brazilian went from 29 years old (in 2010) to 35 years old (in 2022). This means that half of the population is under 35 years old, and the other half is older than that. There are around 104.5 million women, 51.5% of all Brazilians;
  • 1.3 million people who identify as quilombolas (0.65% of the total) – it was the first time in history that the Census included questions in its questionnaires to identify this group;
  • The number of indigenous people grew 89%, to 1.7 million, in relation to the 2010 Census. This can be explained by the change in mapping and research methodology for indigenous peoples, which allowed more people to be identified;
  • For the first time, Brazilians declared themselves more brown than white, and the black population grew.

The article is in Portuguese

Tags: Brazil religious temples hospitals schools combined North Region leads thousand inhabitants Census

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