14-year-old indigenous man killed after shooting at occupation

14-year-old indigenous man killed after shooting at occupation
14-year-old indigenous man killed after shooting at occupation

A Pataxó indigenous teenager, identified as 14-year-old Gustavo Silva da Conceição, was killed today with a gunshot wound to the head after a new attack by alleged gunmen on the Aldeia Alegria Nova group occupying a eucalyptus farm located in the Comexatiba Indigenous Territory, in the city of Prado, in the south of Bahia.

In protest, family members and relatives from the Pataxó community block the road towards the city of Corumbau, 750 km from Salvador.

After being hit, Gustavo Silva da Conceição, Sarã Pataxó, was taken unconscious to a health unit in the municipality of Itamaraju. Already in serious condition, he was transferred to the Teixeira de Freitas Hospital and was intubated, but did not survive. The Kijetxawê Zabelê Indigenous State College, where the boy studied, issued a note of condolence for his death.

According to a report from village leaders to the UOL, heavily armed men arrived at the scene in a Fiat Uno model car, shooting youths, children and women. They would be carrying large weapons such as shotguns and rifles. In addition to the dead indigenous teenager, another was reportedly injured. The leaders cannot say the age and health status of the second person shot.

The leaders claim that the attack would initially be carried out on the Córrego da cassianabut the gunmen would have encountered difficulties due to the greater number of indigenous people, causing the group to go to the Indigenous Territory comexatiba, that he would be “off guard”. The suspects in the attack fled and have not yet been identified.

“An attempt at massacre happened again. The guys went to attack and in the shooting they killed a boy and shot another. We need them to call the police, because there are several armed men in the region”, said a chief who preferred to remain anonymous because of the threats. suffered and the fear of retaliation.

Attack in occupation left blood marks on the ground, say leaders

Image: Personal Archive

Aldeia Alegria is in the process of peacefully retaking areas that are part of the territory demarcated by Funai (National Indian Foundation) and which had the RCID (Detailed Report on the Identification and Delimitation of Indigenous Land) published in 2015.

Despite the publication of the document, during this period of seven years the approval has not yet been carried out and the registration has not progressed due to the delay. You non-indigenous they should be compensated by the Union through Incra (National Institute of Colonization and Agrarian Reform) and removed from the territories.

“It is necessary to inform the authorities to take action and help the Pataxó people. Funai is no longer moving at all,” another Pataxó leader told the UOL.

The report contacted the Military Police of Bahia and Funai, but until the time of publication it had not received a response. Agents from Anai (National Association for Indigenous Action) and PSOL candidate for the Senate in Bahia, Tâmara Azevedo, were on site and provided assistance to the community.

Conflict history

In 2006, a historical survey process began for the demarcation of the Comexatiba Cahy-Pequi Indigenous Land, in the city of Prado, about 200 km from Porto Seguro.

The following year, a report was delivered to Funai with a detailed analysis by an anthropologist, who carried out studies considering the environmental, historical, agrarian and cartographic aspects to define the area to be demarcated.

Only in 2015, however, Funai published in the Official Gazette the report with the delimitation of 28 thousand hectares. The size would be smaller than claimed by the indigenous people, but the agency claimed at the time that a larger area would be difficult to control.

In the delimited perimeter are farms of local farmers, mainly of eucalyptus, monoculture that dominates the region, and that contest the demarcation of indigenous territories.

Since then, the community has been waiting for a manifestation from Funai to speed up the registration process and guarantee its legal certainty.

On July 22, Pataxó from Aldeia Alegria Nova, annoyed by the delay by Funai and the lack of action by the Brazilian state, began the process of occupying Fazenda Santa Bárbara, where in 2000 there was a massacre with four deaths and beatings.

They try to resist on the spot, but suffer daily threats and repression from men allegedly hired by the farmers. The indigenous people also suffer from a lack of drinking water, due to the springs that have dried up in recent years, a situation exacerbated by the monoculture of eucalyptus in the region.

Large-scale cultivation causes great environmental impact with the use of chemical inputs and with the degradation that hinders the culture of other species, with the monoculture of eucalyptus.

The community also struggles to get supplies from neighboring towns, as they fear retaliation and roadside ambushes.

The article is in Portuguese

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