In August alone, Mato Grosso do Sul registered 72 notifications of smallpox from monkeys, a number five times greater than that recorded in the entire month of July, when the total reached 14. With the increase in the disease in the state, the health sector set up prevention scheme and has appealed for the population to maintain routine care.
Until this Saturday (3), the SES (State Department of Health) had counted 42 confirmed cases distributed in Campo Grande, Dourados with two, Itaquiraí, Aparecida do Taboado and Costa Risca. Most of them, 21, were diagnosed in the Capital.
This week, Sesau (Municipal Health Department) of Campo Grande reported that there is no forecast for testing points to be activated in the Capital, because the implementation is within a plan still under development.
The State Government, on the other hand, created the COE (Emergency Operations Center) for smallpox, which will develop integrated actions between the municipalities, like the work done in the covid-19 pandemic.
In addition to issuing a risk statement for all cities, with guidelines on how to deal with the disease, the group implemented a situation room to manage information and share epidemiological bulletins. In addition, it qualified health professionals to deal with patients and launched advertising campaigns to bring information to people.
A new global concern, monkeypox still presents itself differently in each patient, despite all of them having a common symptom: skin sores.
Infection with the virus occurs in three ways: in contact with a monkey infected with the virus, with another sick person and also with contaminated materials. From person to person, the virus is transmitted through contact with injuries, body fluids, respiratory droplets, and contaminated materials such as bedding.
Therefore, the most common forms of contagion are as follows:
• from contact with clothing or sheets (such as bedding or towels) used by an infected person;
• from direct contact with monkeypox lesions or scabs;
• from close exposure to the coughing or sneezing of an individual with a smallpox rash.
Symptoms and prevention
According to authorities, the incubation period for the virus varies from seven to 21 days and symptoms usually appear after 10 or 14 days. In addition to skin rashes, monkeypox causes muscle, head and back pain, fever, chills, tiredness and swollen lymph nodes.
In a note, the Ministry of Health states that the best method of preventing contagion is to reinforce hand hygiene and be careful when handling bedding, towels and sheets used by infected people.
It is worth noting that there is no specific treatment for the disease or vaccine against the virus, however, the standard smallpox vaccine also protects against this virus. Smallpox was eradicated from the world in 1980.