Portugal celebrates 200 years of Brazilian independence

Portugal celebrates 200 years of Brazilian independence
Portugal celebrates 200 years of Brazilian independence

Vicente Nunes – Correspondent in Portugal

posted on 09/02/2022 20:23

The program starts this Sunday (4/9) with a meeting between Portuguese singer António Zambujo and Brazilian musician Yamandu Costa. – (credit: Disclosure)

Lisbon — If, in Brazil, the celebrations of 200 years of independence are restricted, with the exhibition of the heart of Dom Pedro I being the main event, in Portugal, the date will be celebrated in various parts of the country, with programs for all tastes. The party is spread across the main economic, political and thinking centers of the Portuguese territory — Lisbon, Porto, Cascais and Coimbra —, mobilizing governments, universities, the private sector and artists.

There is, in Portugal, a strategic vision in relation to its former colony. Brazilians are today the largest foreign community in Cabral’s land. There are more than 250,000 officially registered citizens, but that can reach 400,000 when including those who are informal and those with dual nationality.

One of the most robust menus was prepared by the Brazil-Europe Integration Forum (Fibe), whose schedule starts this Sunday (September 4) with a meeting between Portuguese singer António Zambujo and Brazilian musician Yamandu Costa. From Monday (5/9) and Friday (9/9), debates are scheduled between authorities and academics from Brazil and Portugal — among them, the ministers of the Supreme Federal Court Cármen Lúcia and Gilmar Mendes. The list also includes projections of photographs by the award-winning Sebastião Salgado on the Amazon, the Cascais and Oeiras Chamber Orchestra and a series of cultural events.

For Fibe, chaired by Professor Vitalino Canas, it is essential to celebrate the bicentennial of independence and reflect on the challenges of increasing and improving the integration between Brazilians and between Brazil and Portugal. “200 years ago, Brazilian independence had remarkable and peculiar characteristics in the international scenario and at the time. It did not involve a breach against their former settler so common in other colonies. There was no fragmentation of the territory, political organization and language, but it is undeniable that a high price was paid, including putting an end to different regional rebellions and maintaining slavery for decades”, emphasizes the entity.

In Fibe’s assessment, 200 years later, society and the Brazilian and world economy are going through a period of radical transformations, caused, among other things, by the digital revolution, the pandemic, the environmental imbalance, the war between Ukraine and Russia, the inequalities and threats to democracy. Says the Forum: “Some Brazilian challenges have not yet been overcome and others are emerging, and immense ones, to make an independent and integrated nation. A nation, society and economy are expected to be more solid and fair than today or two centuries ago”.

Brasilia and women

The Embassy of Brazil in Lisbon chose to celebrate 200 years of independence to the sound of the Minas Gerais Philharmonic Orchestra, with concerts scheduled in the Portuguese capital, Porto and Coimbra. In the repertoire, works by Dom Pedro I — or Dom Pedro IV for the Portuguese. The songs composed by the Brazilian emperor will also be the centerpieces of two concerts under the baton of maestro Ricardo Bernardes, one in October, the other in January 2023. At LX Factory, Espaço Talante, led by actor Antonio Grassi, will have Sete September marked by the reading of an excerpt from the award-winning play “Colônia”, by Gustavo Colombini, and by exhibitions of works by René Machado, Thiago Gadelha and Ícaro Lira, as well as video art with Eduardo Fukushima, August Severin, Laura Vinci and Joana Porto.

In Coimbra, eyes are on the exhibition on the importance of women in the process of formation of Brazil, before and after the arrival of the Portuguese. According to the curator of the show, Wagner Merije, the set of works addresses several issues within the thematic universe of the feminine and invites the public to think and debate the past, the present and the future. The exhibition “Life, love and pain: women in the construction of Brazil”, which can be seen until October 2 at the Penedo da Saudade Cultural Center, has works in different formats and supports, such as analog collages, digital prints on fabrics, , paintings and ceramics, by the artists Lia Testa, Cláudia Costa and Juliana Leitão Marcondes.

On September 14, the opening of the exhibition “Brasilia — from utopia to the capital”, curated by Danielle Athayde, is scheduled. The show has already toured 11 countries and arrives in Lisbon full of expectations. “There are more than four tons of objects, documents, photos, historical accounts of how the city was built, which, at just 27 years old, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site”, said the person responsible for the project, which is supported by the Correio . The exhibition, which is in the National Coach Museum, can be appreciated until October 31. Entry is free.

In a recent debate on the bicentennial of independence, the former Portuguese prime minister Cavaco Silva stressed that relations between Brazil and Portugal are very special and are above the governments on duty. For him, the celebrations that take place in both countries should be seen as a milestone to increase culture and trade, as both sides have much to gain. In the opinion of Miriam Saraiva, professor of International Relations at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Uerj), recent years have been marked by the distance between Brazil and Portugal, however, it is possible to turn this game around if there is political will on both sides.

The article is in Portuguese

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