More than 500 thousand people survive on up to R$89 in Mato Grosso | RDNEWS

Gustavo Duarte/Secom-Cuiabá

The poverty rate of the population of Mato Grosso increased by 4.06% from 2019 to 2021, being the sixth largest increase among Brazilian states. This is what the “New Poverty Map“, released in June of this year by Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV). According to the survey, 20.2% of the population of Mato Grosso lives in poverty, surviving on a per capita household income of R$ 497. However, a survey state that there are more than 500,000 people from Mato Grosso in extreme poverty who do a real juggling act to survive with up to R$ 89 per month.

Local figures indicate that Mato Grosso has 1,526,292 people registered in the Cadastro Único Nacional (CadÚnico)*, among which about 50% of these citizens are on the poverty line in the state. According to the survey carried out by the State Secretariat for Social Assistance and Citizenship (Setasc-MT), referring to July this year, 759,629 citizens and 286,422 families are vulnerable to poverty and extreme poverty.

Among the socioeconomic insecurities, poverty affects 247,513 people and 86,289 families. More serious, extreme poverty affects 512,116 people and 200,133 families. Considering CadÚnico records, about 50% of people and 43% of families are at risk of socioeconomic insecurity in Mato Grosso.

Art: Rodinei Crescencio/RDNews

For Lívia Daniela de Brito Berlandi, social worker and Master in Social Policy from the Federal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT), the poverty numbers in the state denounce a lack of effective assistance to the population. For her, it is alarming that in a state of high agricultural production there are people in vulnerable situations and starving.

“We have a very large number of citizens who are totally dependent on income transfer programs, which is worrying in itself. But there are still many people who are not assisted, which results in the queue for bones, and various daily situations of misery”, emphasizes the researcher.

In her research for her master’s degree, Lívia investigated the effectiveness of assistance policies and the challenges of the social worker in directly serving a population with urgent problems such as hunger. According to her, professionals face a stressful routine for a problem that they have no solution.

“People think that the Social Assistance Reference Center (Cras) is the emergency room for poverty. People don’t know who to look for and take all the demands for assistance. it’s a small team serving a very large number of people”, explains Lívia.

Art: Rodinei Crescencio/RDNews

Table 2 - groups in an economic situation of vulnerability

With experience in service at Cras units in Cuiabá and Várzea Grande, the assistant also details that she has already witnessed people lose their registrations due to misinformation regarding the programs. According to her, as the social assistance policy is still recent, it has become an instrument of “policy”.

“Poverty is a problem that has always existed. It is even very easy to put this issue on the account of the pandemic, but it is a scenario from before the crisis. And this is a result of an inefficiency in the application of the assistance policy, since it has a pre-established budget and is at the mercy of regional politicking, which only remembers that there is a poor person a year before the elections”, declares the social worker.

Unemployment impacts on the increase of people who need assistance and, consequently, impacts on the number of people in poverty, going hungry.

Livia Berlandi

committed income

With regard to income, people in poverty in Mato Grosso receive from R$89 to R$178 per month. The people from Mato Grosso in extreme poverty survive on up to R$ 89 per month. According to the Setasc survey, the main function declared by users in CadÚnico is self-employed, in all income brackets.

“The access we have to housing, food, health, and quality of life, in general, is directly linked to work. And we know that there is no work for everyone, because there is no way to say that informal work guarantees fixed income to people. So, unemployment impacts on the increase of people who need assistance and, consequently, impacts on the number of people in poverty, going hungry”, completes Lívia Daniela de Brito Berlandi.

Current overview

In Mato Grosso, the municipalities with the highest number of people registered in CadÚnico in extreme poverty are: Nova Nazaré, with 2,629 users; Acorizal, with 2,836 users; São José do Xingu, with 2,942 subscribers; União do Sul, with 1,726 users; and Luciara, with 982 registered users.

In the state, currently around 105,958 families still receive the SER Família emergency state aid, which provides an income transfer card in the amount of R$ 200 every two months, intended exclusively for the purchase of food.

*CadÚnico is an instrument for the identification and socioeconomic characterization of low-income Brazilian families.

The article is in Portuguese

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