Theme #782 to #786: Succession in the Amazon, dismantling of the fight against hunger, free fall of vaccination against infantile paralysis, Bolsonaro Family and cash, and the weight of the female vote | The subject

Theme #782 to #786: Succession in the Amazon, dismantling of the fight against hunger, free fall of vaccination against infantile paralysis, Bolsonaro Family and cash, and the weight of the female vote | The subject
Theme #782 to #786: Succession in the Amazon, dismantling of the fight against hunger, free fall of vaccination against infantile paralysis, Bolsonaro Family and cash, and the weight of the female vote | The subject

The Subject is published from Monday to Friday and presented by Renata Lo Prete. You can take the opportunity to listen to all the episodes of the past week:

#782: To understand succession in the Amazon

Four years ago, in the midst of an anti-political wave, the State elected a former TV presenter who, in 2020, escaped impeachment, in the wake of a scandal of embezzlement of resources to face Covid. Now, supported by a broad base in the Legislative Assembly, Wilson Lima (União Brasil) seeks reelection. According to the most recent Ipec poll, he has 30% of voting intentions, tied with Amazonino Mendes (Citizenship), a veteran of local politics who has held the position four times. In second place, with 16%, is another former governor, Eduardo Braga (MDB). In this episode, Renata Lo Prete talks with Rosiene Carvalho, political columnist for BandNews Manaus, to understand the dispute in the 15th electoral college in the country, the second largest in the North Region. The journalist recalls two dramatic chapters of the pandemic in Amazonas: the “super-frauded purchase of respirators” and the collapse in the health system “in the oxygen shortage crisis”. And shows that, despite them, Lima remains competitive. Rosiene also explains the chess of the platforms of Lula (allied with Braga and leader in the state) and Bolsonaro (supported, so far, by both the governor and Amazonino).

#783: The dismantling of the fight against hunger

On August 26, Jair Bolsonaro (PL) said that there is no “real hunger” in Brazil. Two days later, questioned about it by Ciro Gomes (PDT) in debate, the president of the country, which has 33 million people living in despair, recommended that those “in need” register to receive the R$ 600 in aid from the federal government. As essential as the benefit is, it is not enough to reverse a situation that afflicts 125 million Brazilians when the criterion of “food insecurity” is adopted (not being able to have 3 meals a day). To achieve this objective, it is necessary to return “centrality, in the Federal Budget”, to a series of interconnected public policies to combat hunger, says Daniela Frozi, a member of the executive coordination of the Penssan network (Brazilian Network for Research in Food Sovereignty and Security). and Nutritional). In a conversation with Renata Lo Prete in this episode, she details the “disastrous” consequences of decisions taken by the current government, such as the extinction of Consea (National Council for Sustainable Food and Nutrition Security), the brutal cut of resources for the Program for the Acquisition of Alimentos and Bolsonaro’s recent veto of the readjustment to the National School Feeding Program that Congress had approved. Daniela, who is also a professor at Fiocruz’s postgraduate program, highlights above all the consequences for children, “which will have cognitive and biological impacts in the future”.

#784: Infantile paralysis – vaccination free fall

Brazil last recorded a case of poliomyelitis in 1989. However, since 2015, vaccination coverage has been falling, closing last year at only 67%. And adherence to the ongoing national campaign is still very low. In a conversation with Renata Lo Prete, infectious disease specialist Marco Aurélio Sáfadi highlights the importance of recovering “the magic number” of 95% in the age group from 0 to 5 years. Only he can guarantee that, even in the face of one or another case coming from abroad, the virus does not find “conditions to circulate” in the country. President of the Department of Infectious Diseases of the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics, Sáfadi recalls that paralysis, especially of the lower limbs , is the “dramatic result” seen in the most severe cases of polio, a disease transmitted through the mouth and feces whose symptoms include fever, malaise, vomiting and diarrhea. a super-effective vaccine against a disease for which there is no treatment, including fake news and a lack of adequate communication on the part of the authorities.

#785: Bolsonaro family – option for cash

Since 2018, there has been evidence of a “crack” in the clan’s parliamentary offices and of the possible relationship of this practice with business involving children, ex-wives and the president himself. Now, an article published by UOL scales another common trait to these characters: the taste for cash transactions. There were 51 properties purchased by them totally or partially since 1990, out of a total of 107 examined by the portal. A scholar of the use of the real estate market for money laundering, researcher Fabiano Angélico, from the University of Lugano (Switzerland), observes: “There are several evidences that there was a generation of illicit resources where the circulation of cash was perceived”. That is, from the collection of a good part of the employees’ salaries, many of them ghosts. “This forms a very strong set of evidence.” In this episode, Renata Lo Prete also talks to journalist Malu Gaspar, who recalls the family’s troubles since the discovery, even before Jair Bolsonaro took office in the Planalto, of the role of former advisor Fabrício Queiroz in the scheme. The columnist for the newspaper “O Globo” analyzes the dismantling of the “anti-corruption apparatus” in recent years and the judicial “shielding” that contained investigations, especially against Senator Flavio Bolsonaro. election, either because of the high percentage of vote consolidation, or because the president-candidate now says he sees no problem in the large use of cash to acquire assets, which in 2018 he vehemently condemned.

#786: Why the female vote will be decisive

In the recently released Datafolha, Lula (PT) appears with a 13-point advantage over Jair Bolsonaro (PL). Among men, it drops to 6 points. Among women, who represent 53% of the electorate, it rises to 20. “Looking at the data since 1989, we have never seen a gender discrepancy like this before”, says Maurício Moura, who heads the Ideia Institute. In a conversation with Renata Lo Prete , he lists reasons that help to explain the campaigns’ concern with this audience, starting with the percentage of undecided women in spontaneous research, higher than that of men in the same situation. In the specific case of Bolsonaro, the professor at George Washington University highlights the loss of voters, especially from the C class, who supported the candidate in 2018 and are now resisting to reappoint him. For Moura, this segment, guided essentially by economic factors, has everything to be the tip of the balance in October.

the podcast The subject is produced by: Mônica Mariotti, Isabel Seta, Lorena Lara, Tiago Aguiar, Gabriel de Campos, Luiz Felipe Silva, Thiago Kaczuroski, Eto Osclighter and Gustavo Honório. Presentation: Renata Lo Prete.

The article is in Portuguese

Tags: Theme Succession Amazon dismantling fight hunger free fall vaccination infantile paralysis Bolsonaro Family cash weight female vote subject

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