Considered the most lethal state and leader in deaths from massacres in the Northeast, Bahia faces challenges in the current model of public security. In 2020 alone, 100% of the people murdered by the Bahian police were black men, according to data from the Brazilian Public Security Forum (FBSP). With the electoral dispute, the Alma Preta Journalism made an analysis of the government’s plans for public security of the six candidates for the position in the state Executive. The information is contained in the database of the Superior Electoral Court (TSE).
Among the proposals are the debate on drug policy based on the right to public health, the regulation of cannabis, salary deductions for police officers for gunshots and spaces for prisoners to visit only through parlors.
Of all the candidates, three cite projects aimed at inclusion, assistance and/or participation of the black population and groups in situations of vulnerability in the construction of public policies.
Check it out below the proposals for public security disclosed by the six candidates for the government of Bahia:
With 54%, ACM Neto should win the government of Bahia in the 1st round, says Datafolha. Image: Valter Pontes
ACM Neto (Union Brazil)
Entitled “New Public Security”, candidate ACM Neto’s government plan begins with the presentation of statistical data on violence in Bahia during the 16 years of PT’s administration in the state, which began in 2007 with the mandate of Jaques Wagner and now headed by current governor Rui Costa.
The plan proposes new guidelines for public security in Bahia, such as integrated policies with the use of technology in police intelligence activities; the expansion of the fight against organized crime also in districts and rural areas, in addition to the territorial occupation of police forces in “zones of violence” based, according to the plan, “on absolutely technical criteria, readjusting policing by criminal spots, in georeferenced areas”
In addition, the candidate also suggests greater transparency in public security data and the intensive use of technology for criminal investigations with the construction of a single system that connects public security agencies and criminal justice institutions.
One of the points of the project talks about restructuring the prison system, with the implementation of maximum security prison units, prohibition of the movement of money in prisons, spaces for visits only through parlors, that is, counters that allow communication between the prisoner and visiting by phone only; and the promotion of regular prison education associated with technical courses.
For rural areas, Neto suggests the implementation of specialized units within the structures of the Civil and Military Police and the creation of an exclusive communication and dispatch center for the rural regions of the state.
Giovani Domico is PCB’s candidate for governor of Bahia | Image: Reproduction/Twitter Giovani Domico
Giovani Damico (PCB)
Among one of the candidate’s proposals for the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB), Giovani Damico proposes a salary discount proportional to the number of shots fired by public security agents in the month.
In addition, it also proposes the creation of the Popular Committee for the Control of Police Activity and Military Justice – CPCA, which will be responsible for investigating, monitoring and warning police agencies in order to regulate police activity.
According to the government plan, monitoring will be carried out jointly with the Public Ministry and the State Government and should include the participation of civil society and groups operating in neighborhood associations, regional representatives of settlements and peasants, in addition to the broad representation of women and the LGBT population.
“The CPCA will fulfill functions for the urban and rural areas, according to the complexities of each area, and must also accompany the judgments proposed by the Military Justice, exercising the collective right of transparency and equity in the face of these spaces of impunity for the genocide of black and indigenous people”, quotes an excerpt from the government plan.
The candidate also proposes criminal liability for high-ranking public security officers in ordinary justice. According to the proposal, the argument is that “Soldiers, corporals and sergeants are rarely held accountable for their genocidal crimes against the working class. one all”.
“Crimes against life must be brought to the People’s Jury in the Common Justice, and the jury must receive special protection and compensation for the inconvenience that this protection will bring them”, cites the proposal.
Jerônimo Rodrigues was Secretary of Education of Bahia. Image: Mateus Pereira/GOVBA
Jerome Rodrigues (PT)
Entitled “Participatory Government Program”, candidate Jerônimo Rodrigues (PT)’s government plan for public security provides for the adoption of measures in different areas of activity, such as violence prevention, infrastructure of security equipment, professional development of security agents and the implementation of reception activities and services for groups in situations of social vulnerability.
One of the proposals is the strengthening of the Continuing Education program with the public security forces from a technical perspective, with an emphasis on human rights, gender issues, racial equality and religious intolerance.
In addition, the plan suggests the creation of an Integrated Center for Assistance and Reception for Tourists and Vulnerable Groups, integrated with the specialized posts, Ronda Maria da Penha, LGBTQIAPN+ public Ronda, State Services of Tourism and Social Assistance.
It is also planned to guarantee the functioning of the State Council for Public Security and Social Defense, which, with the participation of civil society, aims to establish dialogue with social movement and human rights organizations and the expansion of a training plan aimed at the police officers focusing on issues related to human rights, fighting racism, sexism, among others.
João Roma has been a federal deputy for Bahia since 2019. Image: Disclosure
John Rome (PL)
In terms of public security, candidate João Roma’s (PL) plan for public security provides for the adoption of actions divided into the short and medium term, aimed at reducing crime and implementing “structuring actions”, which will have the power to prepare the new security to inhibit and permanently stop the advance of criminal activities”.
In short-term actions, the former Minister of Citizenship of the Bolsonaro government proposes the resumption of territories occupied by criminal factions in the Metropolitan Region of Salvador; the so-called “segregation of faction leaders”, which, according to the government’s plan, aims to send them “to maximum security prisons, ensuring that, within the prisons, these leaders do not have any condition to order criminal actions”.
Still on short-term actions, Roma mentions the reconstruction of the Civil Police with the implementation of Regional Immediate Response Units; creation of a joint Task Force to combat drug trafficking, bank robbery and entry of illegal weapons and integration of civil and military police using cutting-edge intelligence.
Medium-term actions are the adoption of Combating Organized Crime through the “National Pact for Public Security”, with the collective action of the police through intelligence and technology systems.
Kleber Rosa is the PSOL candidate for the government of BA in 2022. Photo: Disclosure/PSOL
Kleber Rosa (PSOL)
The candidate for the Socialism and Freedom Party (PSOL), Kleber Rosa, defends the “implementation of a public security policy that values life”.
In terms of government, Rosa proposes a public security model based on demilitarization, civil society participation and the debate on drug policy based on the right to public health and investment in prevention.
Among the proposals are the regulation of the use and cultivation of cannabis in a recreational and medicinal way, the guarantee of supply of cannabis-based medicines by the SUS to those who need it and the improvement of the external control of police activities.
In addition, the candidate also bets on “a police model of a civil nature, with internal and external control, with a complete cycle with a plan of positions and careers, with a single entry, a single career, with full guarantee of labor rights and based on the protection of life and the promotion of human dignity”.
The psolist candidate’s government plan also provides for investment in social policies aimed at young people from the periphery in situations of social vulnerability, with due consideration of gender, race and ethnicity; strengthening the Alternative Penalties Centers and State Public Defenders’ Offices, guaranteeing the human rights of the prison population, with specificities for women and the LGBTI population, and expanding criminal guarantees.
In 2020, Millet was a candidate by the PCO for vice-mayor of Salvador. He is 36 years old and is an app driver. Image: Reproduction/PSOL
Marcelo Millet (PCO)
With the central motto “the defense of the Revolution, the Workers’ Government and Socialism”, the government plan of candidate Marcelo Millet, of the Workers’ Cause Party, does not mention specific points about public security.
In one of the excerpts entitled “Down with repression. Right to self-defense”, the candidate suggests the dissolution of the Military Police, the right to self-defense of city and rural workers and the formation of self-defense committees also in indigenous communities.
White candidates have assets four times greater than black candidates.