Mato Grosso industrial cycle | RDNEWS

Mato Grosso industrial cycle | RDNEWS
Mato Grosso industrial cycle | RDNEWS

dayanne dalicani

I return to a topic already addressed more than once in this column. I am talking about the industrial potential of Mato Grosso. There is unanimity among economic analysts, business leaders and politicians that industrialization will be the great economic challenge for the state in the coming decades. For the qualitative leap from an agro-exporter to an economically and socially developed economy.

The progress that the current economic matrix, based on primary agro-export production, has brought to the state is unquestionable, with notable advances in the volume of physical production, GDP growth, increased agricultural productivity and profitability.

We are not advancing at the same speed in the development of all our industrial potentials. We have all the conditions for the production of pulp from eucalyptus, but the largest pulp producing companies have built their new industrial plants, in the last ten years, in Mato Grosso do Sul, in cities such as Três Lagoas, Ribas do Rio Pardo, Maracaju and Innocence.

I see industrialization as a great window of opportunity for Mato Grosso to make the transition to the club of developed Brazilian states, with economic, social and environmental sustainability

Mato Grosso is one of the largest consumers of agricultural fertilizers in the country, but in 2011 Petrobras decided to install its largest fertilizer factory, the Nitrogen Fertilizer Unit III (UFN3), in Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul, using gas from from Bolivia. In fact, the construction of this factory has been stalled since 2014, with 80% built. In 2021, Petrobras put the factory up for sale, to be completed and operated by a private group that will acquire it.

Mato Grosso is the biggest national cotton producer, but we don’t have any textile industry working here. All our cotton is exported to be industrialized in other states and countries. Then we buy it back in the form of fabrics or ready-made clothes.

The state is one of the largest wood producers in the country, but we do not have a fully developed luxury furniture industry. We export our wood and import luxury furniture from factories located in the South and Southeast. Even the ethanol industry, which has developed extraordinarily in the last ten years, needs a large ethanol pipeline connecting the largest consumption centers and seaports in order not to lose competitiveness with factories in the Southeast.

The agricultural sector in the state is the largest buyer of agricultural machinery and implements in the country, but this industrial segment has installed a large industrial park in Goiás. Even though Mato Grosso is the largest agricultural producer in the country, we have not fully developed the agricultural business fairs and entertainment industry. The largest Brazilian agricultural fair is held in the city of Barretos, state of São Paulo.

I see industrialization as a great window of opportunity for Mato Grosso to make the transition to the club of developed Brazilian states, with economic, social and environmental sustainability.

We need to unify all the forces of society and explore the paths that will attract industrial capital to these regions. It doesn’t seem like an impossible mission to leverage our natural and induced comparative advantages, leading our economy to be as strong in industry and commerce as it has been in agriculture. We can start with a forum, in the style of the World Economic Forum and bring to the debate the great national and global “players” of the industrial sector, entrepreneurs, investment banks, executives, specialists, investment funds. We already have our “Davos”: Chapada dos Guimarães. We just won’t have the snow. To make up for it, lots of love, heat and flavor.

Vivaldo Lopes, economist graduated from UFMT, where he taught at the Faculty of Economics. He has a postgraduate degree in MBA – Corporate Financial Management from FIA / USP and writes exclusively in this space on Thursdays. Email: [email protected]


The article is in Portuguese

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