The departure of Mato Grosso from the Legal Amazon may contribute to an increase in diseases such as malaria and dengue in the state, especially in the northern region, according to researcher at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz), Cristiana Alves de Brito. In the Chamber of Deputies, the project was forwarded to the Council for the Environment and Sustainable Development (CMADS) for analysis.
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The Legal Amazon is made up of the states of the northern region, in addition to Mato Grosso and Maranhão for having the Amazon forest as one of the biomes. In all, nine federative units in Brazil are part of the area.
As a result, these states have public policies and receive funds from the federal government. According to Cristiana, these resources finance programs that help control diseases in the Amazon region.
“What we have to think about is that diseases such as malaria and dengue are part of this set of resources. These resources will decrease and they will help improve the population’s quality of life”, he said in relation to the possible departure from the state.
Anopheles mosquitoes are the transmitters of the protozoan that causes malaria — Photo: Getty Images
Malaria is considered an endemic disease in the Legal Amazon, which means that it circulates throughout the year in the country, with an expected volume of cases and deaths. The expert explains that, with the government’s resources, disease control programs are carried out.
“The programs are focused on the diagnoses that are made at the health centers and the treatment that is provided by the Unified Health System (SUS). The removal of Mato Grosso makes it no longer considered an endemic area and loses these resources . The number of cases can increase considerably, mainly in the northern region of the state”, he said.
The proposal presented by Deputy Juarez Costa (MDB-MT) in the Chamber provides for the removal of Mato Grosso from the Legal Amazon with the argument that, today, environmental rules are rigid and limit production areas.
The deputy says that the main objective is to increase food production. “We are at the limit of the productive potential due to a misunderstanding in the environmental legislation on the biome of the territory of Mato Grosso”.
The project was forwarded to the Council for the Environment and Sustainable Development (CMADS) of the Federal Chamber and is awaiting an opinion from the rapporteur.
Companies located in Mato Grosso, due to the fact that the state is part of the Legal Amazon, can participate in the IRPJ Fixed Reduction program of the Amazon Development Superintendence (Sudam) and receive a 75% discount on the Corporate Income Tax (IRPJ).
According to Sudam, the tax incentive is for legal entities holding projects for the implementation, modernization, expansion or diversification of projects, filed with Sudam, until 12/31/2023 and the benefit even extends to non-refundable surcharges, with 10-year enjoyment.
Sudam also offers IRPJ Exemption to projects focused on the digital inclusion program and Reinvestment of 30% of the IRPJ. The deadlines are the same as the previous benefit.
According to the rapporteur of the project that removes Mato Grosso from the Legal Amazon, deputy Neri Geller (PSD), the current rules would be “unfair”, and make the state end up “paying without being remunerated”.
“It is not fair that Mato Grosso pays such an expensive price to provide services to the whole world, without our producers being remunerated. The project is to regulate and conquer our right. It’s a wasp nest, but when you are convinced that this issue has to be debated with society, including urban society, you see that it is not fair for international agreements to be signed and not fulfilled. There are environmental assets that can be remunerated, generating wealth for Mato Grosso, without it being just a conversation”, defended Neri.
The project changes environmental regulations in the state, affects tax benefits given to developments in the region, national and international funding and other consequences.
Members of the Brazilian Society of Primatology (SBPr) protest over the project that removes Mato Grosso from the Legal Amazon — Photo: SBPr
A group of approximately 100 people, in addition to representatives of local indigenous ethnicities, held a protest this Tuesday (30), in Sinop, 503 km from Cuiabá, with posters against the bill that removes Mato Grosso from the Legal Amazon.
The group walked down the street from a school to the entrance to Parque Florestal.