Video explains why Minas Gerais is decisive in the presidential elections – Politics

In the month of August alone, president and reelection candidate Jair Bolsonaro (PL) came to Minas Gerais four times. Bolsonaro even chose the state to inaugurate his political campaign for the 2022 elections, even though his career was entirely centered in Rio de Janeiro. His opponent, former president Luiz Incio Lula da Silva (PT) also inaugurated his campaign in Minas Gerais. The PT chose the capital Belo Horizonte to start his presidential race and, now in September, he will travel through the interior of the state.

Do you know why presidential candidates are concentrating efforts on Minas Gerais during this year’s political campaign? Because history shows that whoever wins in the state of Minas Gerais, wins in Brazil. We made this video PraUnderstand the reasons that surround this premise and to show the Minas Gerais voter the relevance of their vote.

History explains much of this finding. Minas Gerais has always been close to power. And this is not a recent fact. The state has maintained this tradition since imperial times. Families that are currently part of the power of Minas started the political tradition of the state since the Constituent Assembly of the First Reign, in 1823, with José Bonifcio de Andrada e Silva, who worked actively in the Independence of Brazil.

Another family that well portrays the longevity of Minas Gerais power is that of the Almeida Neves, who elected President Tancredo Neves in 1985, but was not sworn in due to his death. Tancredo’s grandson, Acio Neves (PSDB), was governor of Minas Gerais for two consecutive terms, between January 1, 2003 and March 31, 2010. Afterwards, he was Senator for the same state, from 2011 to 2019, and currently deputy federal.

Getlio Vargas, the exception

A historical fact that clearly shows the power that Minas Gerais has in the presidential election takes us back to the 1930s, when Getlio Vargas, gacho, was elected president of Brazil. Vargas ended the Coffee with Milk policy, an agreement signed between the oligarchies of Minas Gerais and So Paulo, which had taken place since 1898. , at one time he was from São Paulo.

Getlio Vargas was the only president of Brazil who was elected without having a majority of the votes of Minas Gerais. (photo: reproduction)

Vargas achieved yet another important milestone. He was the only Brazilian president since 1945 to be elected without obtaining a majority in Minas Gerais. This occurred after his 15 years in office, after 1930. Until 1945, Vargas was still president of Brazil and, when he left, he tried to regain power in 1950. At the time, he did not have the “blessing” of the mineiros, who supported the Brigadier Eduardo Gomes, of the National Democratic Union, the UDN.

With 1,936,601 voters in 1950, Minas was already the second largest electoral college in Brazil. And winning state support could be crucial to the outcome of the elections. But that is not what happened. Eduardo Gomes won in Minas, with 34.8%, but Vargas won in Brazil, winning 48% of the valid votes.

“That’s why the history of the elections only brings Getlio Vargas in the 50’s, who didn’t win in Minas and managed to win the elections. It was a troubled election, of a post-Dutra government, which was very complex, from a period of Vargas dictatorship. Minas Gerais with a very conservative political tradition supporting the UDN candidate, Eduardo Gomes,” said the professor of History at the public network, Cledison Pereira.

see gallery . 11 Photos

Result of the 1950 presidential election. At the time, there was no 2 round.
(photo: Art: Denys Lacerda)

Second largest electorate in Brazil

Currently, some facts reinforce Minas Gerais as a key state for the presidential elections. We are the second largest electoral college in Brazil, after So Paulo. And yet, this year, Minas Gerais increased the number of voters, according to official data from the Superior Electoral Court (TSE).

There are 16,290,870 people eligible to go to the polls in October, showing a growth of 3.75% compared to the 2018 general elections. As for the 2020 municipal elections, the increase was 2.25%.

This is also explained by the territorial extension of the state. Minas is approximately the size of France. And precisely for this reason, there is a diversity in cultural, political, artistic and economic terms. There is a state of Brazil in every part of Minas Gerais. That’s what Thiago Rodrigues Silame, PhD in Political Science at UFMG said.

art with the cover of praentender
Minas Gerais is the second largest electoral college in Brazil (photo: EM Art)

“Minas Gerais is a very diverse state from a cultural, economic, political point of view and we can say that there are several Minas Gerais. We have Minas Gerais in São Paulo, Minas Gerais in Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais in Goiás, Minas Gerais in the northeast, Minas Gerais in central Minas Gerais, and winning in Minas means a great possibility of winning in other parts of the country and winning the election as a all,” said the scientist.

Another data that shows how Minas is the “mirror of the country”, is the analysis of the final percentage of votes of the winning candidate in the state and comparing it with the vote received in Brazil in general.

mining presidents

As with the Coffee with Milk policy, back in 1898, most Brazilian presidents alternated between Minas Gerais and So Paulo, showing that the facts did not change that much.

If we count Tancredo Neves, Minas Gerais has elected since the New Republic two other presidents who were born in the state or who had a strong political and emotional connection with Minas: Itamar Franco (1992), who was born on a ship, but was raised in Juiz de Fora, and Dilma Rousseff, in 2010 and 2014.

The “Politics Beab”

Politica’s Beab series has gathered the main questions about elections in 22 videos and reports that answer these questions in a direct and easy-to-understand way. An increasing demand, especially among the younger Brazilian electorate. The reports are available on the website of the State of Mines and on Portal Uai and the videos on our profiles on TikTok, Instagram, Kwai and YouTube.

The article is in Portuguese

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