To journalists Liliana Junger and Thais Pimentel, Vanessa Portugal said that, if elected, she intends to promote a process of nationalization of mining activities.
- Vanessa Portugal, PSTU candidate for the government of Minas, is interviewed by g1
She also proposed the reduction of working hours as a way to maintain and generate jobs and defended the strengthening of the state, through changes in tax collection.
Romeu Zema (Novo) opened the series of interviews with candidates for the government of Minas, on the 22nd. On the 23rd of August, it was the turn of Carlos Viana, from the PL. On the 24th, Alexandre Kalil (PSD). The three candidates scored 5% or higher in the Aug. 15 IPEC poll and were therefore interviewed live.
The other candidates for the government of Minas participated in recorded interviews. The one by Marcus Pestana (PSDB) was broadcast on August 25; that of Indira Xavier (UP), on the 26th; that of Renata Regina (PCB), on the 29th; and that of Lorene Figueiredo (PSOL), on the 30th.
The interviews of Cabo Tristão (PMB) and Lourdes Francisco (PCO) will be shown until 2 September.
Vanessa Portugal’s interview was recorded on August 25th.
CHECK OUT THE OTHER INTERVIEWS:
Nationalization of mining
Vanessa Portugal stated that, if elected governor, she intends to promote a process of nationalization of mining activities. For her, the profit from the exploration of the ore should be invested in essential services for the population.
“The nationalization is possible, because the state can, first, determine mining conditions and create its own companies that guarantee that the mining is developed by the state. The power to mine is a concession of the state”, affirmed the candidate.
Vanessa also said that mining must be “drastically reduced in the state”.
“We have a visible environmental bottleneck. The crimes of Mariana and Brumadinho are the tip of an iceberg”, he said.
Reduction of working hours
Vanessa defends the reduction of the working day to six hours a day and 30 hours a week for everyone as a way to generate jobs.
“There is a process of increasing mechanization (…) We have to choose. Either it reduces the working day and people stay employed or we are going to live with unemployment, there is no way out”, he said.
According to her, it is also necessary to reduce the profits of large companies.
“We had in the pandemic an impoverishment of a large part of the population and new billionaires and a greater concentration of profit. So, it is possible to do, as long as we start from the principle that we have to attack those who are profiting from our misery”, he said.
Vanessa said that the state should be stronger and collect more, but defended changes in the forms of collection.
“ICMS is the main tax that supports the state, but who pays it? The common consumer. The less the worker earns, the more tax he pays proportionally, because he consumes his entire salary”, he said.
She said that it is also necessary to maintain some state-owned companies, such as Companhia Energética de Minas Gerais (Cemig) and Companhia de Saneamento de Minas Gerais (Copasa), which generate profit.
For Vanessa, only with a “strong state” is it possible to allocate the necessary resources to areas such as health and education.
On education, Vanessa Portugal said that, to compensate for “years of educational lag”, it is necessary to value professionals and pay the national salary floor, which is R$ 3,845.61 for a workload of 40 hours per week.
“It is unacceptable that the state and municipalities do not want to attract professionals who have training, who can dedicate themselves, who can study to see the different cognitive pedagogical difficulties that children have within the school, and what we are talking about is a floor of R$ 3,800, we are not talking about a salary of R$ 50 thousand, 30 thousand. So, if we want to prioritize education, if we understand that education is a basic need, we have to understand that professionals have to qualify and that, therefore, they have to be paid for that”, he said.
In relation to the housing deficit, Vanessa stated that it is necessary not only to build houses, but also to seek an “optimization of urban space”.
“Urban space has vacant properties within it, and these vacant properties cannot be locked up, because that means expelling a portion of the population to risky areas or to situations that are very far away (…) It is a generalized problem that needs investment, That’s why you need a strong state, not a weak state.”