The government of Mato Grosso sanctioned, in January this year, Law No. 12,399/2024, which establishes the Caminho Real, located between the municipalities of Araguaiana and Cuiabá. It was authored by deputies Beto Dois a Um (PSB) and Dr. Eugênio (PSB), and now Mato Grosso is on its way to joining the list of states that offer a “real passport” with the definition of routes of historical value and tourist support.
The rich history of the Caminho Real, which gave rise to several studies and treaties and now guides the project of the first royal road in Mato Grosso, began in 1818, when the engineer and royal official Luis d’Alicourt described the path that was taken by D. João VI upon arriving in Brazil.
According to the law, the route will cover eleven municipalities: Barra do Garças, General Carneiro, Tesouro, Poxoréo, Primavera do Leste, Dom Aquino, Jaciara, Campo Verde, Chapada dos Guimarães and Cuiabá.
Pre-defined sections will be marked in local conditions for access by walkers, cyclists, motorcyclists and vehicles.
Deputy Beto Dois a Um (PSB), one of the authors of the law, understands that the new law is a milestone in recognizing the historical value of the region through which the Camino Real passes.
“We need to say that this is a law based on scientific work, studies that show the historical, cultural and tourist value of the route. By recognizing the relevance of this historical heritage, we will encourage its use as a tourist and educational resource, promoting the sustainable development of the regions through which the Estrada Real will pass”, highlights the parliamentarian.
According to the deputy, Law 12,399/2024 establishes measures to safeguard the stretch of just over 550 km, ensuring conservation, protection and adequate public access.
“In addition to being a stretch with stunning landscapes, it is a strategic and tourist route that crosses several important municipalities in Mato Grosso. Considering the historical, cultural and tourist value of the Caminho da Estrada Real, we now have the preservation and promotion of this important Brazilian heritage that passes through Mato Grosso guaranteed by law. By recognizing the relevance of this historical heritage, we will encourage its use as a tourist and educational resource, promoting the sustainable development of the regions through which Estrada Real passes”, points out Beto Dois a Um.
Also according to the parliamentarian, the implementation of policies to preserve and promote the Caminho da Estrada Real will contribute to strengthening the cultural identity of local communities, will stimulate responsible tourism and create opportunities to generate employment and income for the regions involved.
“Actions such as adequate signage, the creation of visitor centers, the training of tourist guides and the promotion of cultural and educational events will make it possible to explore the full potential of this important state monument. Furthermore, the protection and appreciation of the stretch are fundamental for the preservation of collective memory, contributing to the construction of a society more aware of its history and heritage”, he points out.
The Caminho Real will revive traditions, highlighting local beauty and riches, in addition to promoting tourism and adding to the economic sector.
For deputy Dr. Eugênio, the project will rescue a little of the history and culture of Mato Grosso.
“This initiative was based on a work by engineer Luiz D’Alincourt, who traveled the route from the Port of Santos to Cuiabá, where we could see the importance of this route for Mato Grosso. I hope that this journey can be revived so that future generations know a little more about our history. This route will strengthen tourism, allowing the hotel and restaurant network to be explored, bringing many benefits to the state”, recalled Dr. Eugênio.
Geologist and one of those involved in the coordination to consolidate the project, Romualdo Povroznik Junior explained that the idea for Caminhos Reais began when technical support was requested from the Department of Culture of the municipality of Barra do Garças (MT).
“It started through a study of my master’s degree with the theme Study of the Geotouristic Potentiality of the Serra Azul State Park, in Barra do Garças, when I came across Municipal Law 4.209/2020, which recognizes the tourist route as a relevant tourist/cultural interest of the municipality. Roncador Crossing and Serra Azul Crossing, that’s where the initiative for this project came from,” he said.
The geographer stated that the route will be 558 kilometers, entering the territory of Mato Grosso through Araguaiana. “The idea is that the route is decorated with stories and monuments, divided into routes, for each section the mode that can be traveled (bike, foot, motorbike, car) will be stipulated depending on the location. And the passage, depending on the place, will be authorized by the municipalities through the passport”, detailed Povroznik.
The geologist also informed that there is a group working on the route from Cuiabá to Chapada on the trail called “top de ribbon”, whose layout is the same as that designed by engineer and historian Luiz D’Alincourt.
“We have already given the news to the organizers of this route that the project is advanced with a schedule for formatting the trail. In Barra do Garças, the path has already been explored”, concluded Povroznik.
Know the route – The beginning of the route is crossing the Araguaia River. In Araguaiana, it follows the watercourse. Then, at the Fogaça farm, owned by Tonico Farias, where the customs house was located, it goes up the Taquaral mountain range and descends at General Carneiro, following the current route of the BR-070 highway, then passing through Barra do Garças/Poxoréo and Primavera do Leste . There, at the height of the grape cantina, you go down the hill to the cliff and come across a river with milky waters. Follow Poxoréo until the cliff of the hill, entering Dom Aquino on the border with Jaciara. Then climb the hill until you reach Campo Verde.
Next, enter the MT-251 highway, towards Chapada dos Guimarães, until Véu de Noiva via the old Buritis mill, reaching Coxipó-Mirim and then Coxipó do Ouro and, finally, Arraial da Forquilha, today the region of Prainha in Cuiabá.
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