February 1, 2024 marks the first year of activity of the State Online Solid Waste Transport Manifest System (MTR-ES System) in Espírito Santo. In the first 12 months of use, 12,408 users were registered and 478,419 MTRs were generated. During this period, the State Institute of Environment and Water Resources (Iema) also recorded the movement of 5,251,702 tons of waste, the majority of which (3,073,650 tons) was destined for recycling technologies, representing 59% of total waste. intended.
The MTR-ES is a digital, self-declaratory platform, free and mandatory to use throughout the State, used to track the road movement of solid waste in the Espírito Santo territory, from generation to final destination. Available for voluntary use since February 2023, it was from May last year that its mandatory use for industrial waste was introduced.
To begin mandatory use, Iema, in partnership with the Brazilian Association of Waste and Effluent Treatment Companies (Abetre) and the Brazilian Micro and Small Business Support Service (Sebrae-ES), trained around 400 users to use the system during the first training cycle, in March and April 2023 in an online format. Furthermore, to guide the use of the platform on an ongoing basis, a user support manual and a page with frequently asked questions were made available on the Iema and MTR-ES System websites.
“Although common sense understands that generally the destination of waste is landfilling, the data entered into the MTR-ES system, whose use is currently mandatory only for generators of industrial waste, demonstrate that production processes related to recycling or reuse of waste have absorbed large quantities of waste managed in Espírito Santo”, explains Deisy de Mello, an employee of Iema’s Solid Waste and Sanitation Coordination (CRSS).
Iema’s next goals in relation to the MTR-ES System, scheduled for the first half of 2024, are the establishment of mandatory use for generators of construction waste and health service waste, followed by other types of waste and for sending the Urban Solid Waste Movement Declaration (DMRSU) by city halls and to the final destinations that receive urban solid waste.
New training cycles will also be offered for technicians from Iema, the State Institute for Agricultural and Forestry Defense (Idaf), municipalities and other users of the system. “It is expected that with the complete consolidation of the system and the intensification of its use, there will be advances in environmental inspection and control actions, considering the systematization and history of information, a greater appropriation of the entrepreneurial class related to the correct management of waste ”, highlights Deisy de Mello.
Furthermore, it will be possible to better understand the Espírito Santo context of waste management, in order to effectively identify its deficiencies and potentialities to be explored in public policies, especially with regard to the development and consolidation of sustainable practices and technologies, of in order to contribute to minimizing inappropriate disposal and reducing impacts resulting from irregular waste disposal.
“We have achieved notable results in this one year of MTR-ES and we will evolve even further. Congratulations to the entire team involved, who dedicate themselves every day with commitment and effort to the success of the project”, thanked CRSS coordinator, Caroline Vescovi.
The MTR-ES System was developed based on a Technical Cooperation Agreement (ACT) signed between the Governments of the States of Santa Catarina and Espírito Santo, being implemented and monitored through the ACT with the current Brazilian Waste and Environment Association (Open). Established by Decree No. 5177-R of July 2022, the system was made available for voluntary use from February 1, 2023, with the publication of Normative Instruction No. 003-N, of January 31, 2023, which provides for the procedures for its use in the State.
The mandatory use of the MTR-ES System is being gradually established. Since May 2023, MTR-ES has become the only valid and mandatory system to document the shipment and disposal of industrial waste; In 2024, the mandatory use of the system will be progressively implemented for other types of waste contained in Law No. 12,305/2010.
The main benefits arising from the MTR-ES System are: greater agility and standardization in the issuance of MTRs and Final Waste Disposal Certificates, providing greater security in the waste traceability process in the State and reducing the generation of documents issued on paper; consolidation of information on the identification, generation, transport and disposal of all waste in the State and facilitating the sending of information to public authorities and companies.
MTR-ES also enables the production of management reports for environmental agencies, city halls and other institutions and for users themselves, contributing to the development of public policies aimed at specific demands of the state context of waste management and integration into the National System of Information on Solid Waste Management (SINIR).
The system also makes it possible to send the Waste Movement Declaration, a document that consolidates the record of the quantities of solid waste generated, transported and disposed of on a quarterly basis, contributing to inspection by public bodies, especially within the scope of environmental licensing and control. and organization of waste management within companies.
Every month, city halls and final destinations that receive urban solid waste must also generate the Urban Solid Waste Movement Declaration (DMRSU) in the system, which is an important tool for monitoring the appropriate environmental destination of waste generated by municipalities. .
Currently, the team responsible for managing the System, which makes up the Working Group for technical support for the implementation of MTR-ES, has been committed to providing guidance to users, in order to meet their needs and promote the best use of this tool.