The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) released this Friday (2) another series of data that is part of the 2022 Census. The information has a more technical nature, it is the geographic coordinates mapped by census takers in the 5,568 Brazilian municipalities in 26 states and the Federal District.
The IBGE recorded 111,102,875 points which, in a simpler explanation, can be understood as addresses where homes or other types of use are located, such as health, educational, religious establishments, among others.
The coordinates were obtained through georeferencing during researchers’ visits and meet a recommendation from the Statistics Division of the United Nations (UN), and allow the creation of the National Register of Addresses for Statistical Purposes.
The 2022 Census was the first time that IBGE identified the precise location of all addresses in the national territory.
2022 Census, details registered addresses – IBGE/Disclosure
Data in maximum detail are sources of information, among other purposes, for the development of public policies and academic research. For example, it is possible to know precisely where health units are located in a given location and how many people live within the radius of influence of these establishments.
Another example is identifying exactly how many homes were affected by a landslide in a risk area hit by storms. Or even what is the size of the population that lives within the reach of a city’s metro stations.
According to IBGE, for the demographic census to fulfill the role of portraying the Brazilian population in relation to its characteristics and living conditions, it is essential to know its distribution throughout the Brazilian territory. “It is necessary to know where the population is concentrated, how it is distributed and what use each of the buildings built in the country is intended for”, explains the institute.
The data will be made available to society in interactive maps on the IBGE website, through the Interactive Geographic Platform and the 2022 Census Panorama.
Since last year, the IBGE has been making announcements regarding the recount of the Brazilian population, with sections of color, age, sex, indigenous population, quilombola population and other degrees of detail. According to the institute, there were 203,080,756 inhabitants in 2022.