Of every five workers in Rio Grande do Norte who found a place in the job market with guaranteed labor rights over the past year, four were admitted to a micro and small company. The segment was responsible for 80% of the 22,630 new vacancies created in the state in 2023 – which represents around 80% of this total. The information is from Employment Map in RNSebrae publication in Rio Grande do Norte prepared based on numbers from the General Register of Employed and Unemployed Persons (Caged), from Ministry of Labor and Employment.
The balance of CLT jobs in the state last year showed a growth of 7.79% compared to that recorded in the previous year, when 20,994 new vacancies were created in total. Among the activities, the services sector was the biggest generator of opportunities for those looking to enter the contracting system with a formal contract.
Last December, companies of all sizes registered a slowdown in the pace of new admissions. The last month of 2023 recorded significant drops in job creation, when comparing performance with December 2022. The largest occurred in large companies, which had a drop of 937%, while in medium-sized corporations, the difference between layoffs and Hiring fell 67%. Small businesses showed the smallest reduction from one year to the next, 35%. However, last year, it was these small companies that maintained the overall positive result of open positions in the state.
Although the balance of jobs generated by micro and small enterprises was highlighted due to their good performance, the total is 5% lower than the number of vacancies opened by these companies in 2022, whose vacancies created reached 19,133, compared to the 18,102 opened in 2023.
The volume of vacancies accumulated by this segment of small enterprises was four times greater than the total of new jobs generated by all companies of other sizes, undoubtedly contributing to the positive employment balance of more than 22.6 thousand vacancies in 2023, the second best result since 2013, including the period at the start of the Covid pandemic, in 2020, behind only the balance seen in 2021, when an additional almost 33 thousand workers were admitted under the CLT regime. In twelve months, there were 212,567 admissions and 189,937 dismissals. As a result, Rio Grande do Norte enters 2024 with a stock of 480,964 employed people.
Services sector leads the volume of vacancies
The provision of services created 11,434 formal jobs last year, with emphasis on teleservice activities. The industrial sector was the second to open the most opportunities in 2023, with 4,349 new vacancies created. Mainly in the area of sewage networks, not including the management of these networks. Civil construction had a balance of 3,824 jobs created. The construction of buildings alone employed 2,356 more workers in this activity.
Traditionally leading the ranking of job openings in RN, commerce did not perform as well as in previous years and ended 2023 with a balance of 1,812 vacancies – increased mainly by hiring carried out by general merchandise retail, with a predominance of the supermarket segment, which 672 new jobs were created. In the agricultural sector, the balance was 1,211 vacancies, driven by melon cultivation.
Distribution of vacancies
The Employment Map reveals the regions in which vacancies created in the past were distributed, taking into account the five municipalities that opened or closed the most jobs. The Capital of the West was the city where the largest volume of new jobs was opened. In total, 6,923 jobs were created in 12 months in Mossoró, while Natal opened another 5,241. Located in the Metropolitan Region, the municipalities of Parnamirim and São Gonçalo do Amarante were in third and fourth positions due to the opening of 2,041 and 1,337 jobs respectively. Assú completes the list with 1,074 jobs created.
On the other hand, the balance of vacancies closed was higher in Alto do Rodrigues, where 589 vacancies were closed last year. The city of Riachuelo entered the list of negative statistics, with the second biggest loss: 528 vacancies. In Areia Branca, Lagoa Nova and Serra do Mel, the losses were 315, 270 and 222 vacancies lost respectively throughout 2023.