Posted at 1:00 pm | 09 Nov 2023 | Essay
RN has the highest positive change in industry in the country for the second time in a row
The industry in Rio Grande do Norte continues to be the national leader in growth, showing an increase of 40.2% compared to the same month of the previous year
Photo credit: Agência Vale
Coke, petroleum derivatives and biofuels are responsible for the result
The industry in Rio Grande do Norte continues to be the national leader in growth, showing an increase of 40.2% compared to the same month of the previous year. Last August, this number was 49.8%. The national average for September 2023 reached 0.6% growth compared to September 2022 and ten of the 18 locations surveyed showed an increase in the same index. In addition to Rio Grande do Norte, Pará and Espírito Santo also stood out as the states with the highest interannual growth in the industry with 14.5% and 14.2%, respectively. The data is part of the Monthly Industrial Survey of Physical Production (PIM – PF), which produces short-term indicators relating to the behavior of the industry in Brazil and regionally.
In the year to date, the industry in Rio Grande do Norte also presented the best result (17.1%), along with eight other locations surveyed in the indicator. Last August, this variation was 14.3%. The second best result in September 2023 was from Espírito Santo (7.6%) followed by Amazonas (5%). The most intense falls were recorded by Ceará (-7.6%) and Rio Grande do Sul (-5.1%).
The Manufacturing Industry has been responsible for boosting the results of the General Industry, closing September with an increase of 79.9% in the interannual comparison and resulting in a cumulative increase in the year of 32.6%. These numbers keep Rio Grande do Norte in national prominence among the places surveyed with the biggest variations in both indices. The national averages for the same industrial section were -0.8% in the month/same month comparison of the previous year and –1.2% in the year to date. This is the sixth consecutive month that the state has seen an increase in the year’s accumulated variations.
Manufacturing of automotive gasoline and diesel oil grows 111.1% compared to the same period in 2022
The “Manufacture of coke, petroleum products and biofuels” activity sector, included in the Manufacturing Industry, continues to be the main responsible for the increase in the industrial sector in Rio Grande do Norte. The state closed September with an increase of 111.1% in the month/same month variation of the previous year and with 40.3% in the year in the evaluation of the respective sector, remaining in first position nationally in both indices. The Brazilian average compared to September 2022 was 11.3%, while the accumulated growth for the year for the country reached 4.8%. Since June 2023, Rio Grande do Norte has stood out as the state with the highest growth in the interannual comparison.
In “Manufacture of Food Products”, another activity researched in the Manufacturing Industry, the state once again had the highest cumulative figure of the year (16.3%), rising from eighth position in the interannual variation seen in August 2023 (8.1 %) for the fifth in September of the same year (15.6%). The average Brazilian indexes for the same sector were 6.7% year-on-year and 3.9% year-to-date. For the Northeast, these rates were –1% and 5.1%, respectively.
Positive results also in the activity of “Manufacture of clothing and accessories” where the state continued to present the highest rates in the sector among all the states surveyed. Compared to September 2022, the respective sector grew 25% resulting in a year-to-date figure of 9.7%. Nationally, the average for the same sector was –10% compared to September 2022, generating a year-to-date figure of –8.9%. As for the Northeast, these indexes closed September at –21.3% and –13.5%, respectively. Rio Grande do Norte was the only state in the country to have a positive change in the index.
Extractive industry in RN falls to last position with the lowest variations in the month of September among the locations surveyed
The Extractive Industry continues its series of negative results, with drops of 70.9% and 31.7% when compared to the same month last year and year-to-date, respectively. These results led the state to the biggest drop in the country in both indices.
PIM-PF is a type of research of companies whose target population is the local units of companies registered in the National Register of Legal Entities (CNPJ) that have at least one employee and are involved in activities related to extractive industries or the transformation of National Classification of Economic Activities. The database used is provided by the Annual Industrial Survey (PIA-Empresa), also carried out by IBGE, and which investigates information on the basic structural characteristics of the business segment of industrial activity in the country. A set of products is chosen based on technical criteria of relevance, forming what is called the List of Selected Products (LPS), the basis for collecting information. The local units that produce them and that will be researched are also chosen based on the criteria of importance. The general criterion adopted was to include local units that, together, account for at least 70% of production in that location.