- Mariana Sanches – @mariana_sanches
- From BBC News Brazil in Washington
Updated 1 hour ago
The United States Senate unanimously approved, on Thursday night (28/9), a resolution presented by Senator Bernie Sanders and five other Democratic senators to defend democracy in Brazil.
In his defense of the measure, on the Senate floor, Sanders stated that the text was not in favor of any candidate, but in favor of breaking relations and military assistance between countries in the event of a coup.
“We are not taking sides in the Brazilian election, what we are doing is expressing the Senate’s consensus that the US government must make it unequivocally clear that the continuity of the relationship between Brazil and the US depends on the Brazilian government’s commitment to democracy and human rights. .”
“The Biden administration must make it clear that the United States does not support any government that comes to power in Brazil through undemocratic means and ensure that military assistance is conditional on democracy and a peaceful transition of power,” Sanders said.
The measure had no declared support from any Republican, but under the rules of the Upper House, if no senator objects to a text of a resolution, it is passed unanimously in the house.
The approval comes just 4 days before the presidential election in Brazil and after repeated accusations, without evidence, by President Jair Bolsonaro (PL) that the Brazilian electoral system is not secure and that the Superior Electoral Court (TSE) is “partial” . According to polls, Bolsonaro, who is seeking re-election, is currently behind Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT).
“It is imperative that the US Senate make it clear through this resolution that we support democracy in Brazil,” Sanders said.
“It would be unacceptable for the US to recognize a government that came to power in an undemocratic way and it would send a horrible message to the entire world. It is important that the Brazilian people know that we are on their side, on the side of democracy. With the approval of this resolution , we are sending this message.”
“It’s the first time in many decades that we’ve seen this kind of resolution in relation to Brazil. This didn’t even happen during the military dictatorship,” said James Green, a historian at Brown University and president of the Washington Brazil Institute.
The resolution is the latest signal from US officials who began a few months ago a continuous and constant movement to express concern about the political situation in Brazil. Just this week there were at least two other public demonstrations.
On Monday (26/9), State Department spokesman Ned Price told BBC News Brazil that “as a democratic partner, the US will follow the October elections with great interest”.
“We hope the elections will be conducted in a free, fair and credible manner, a testament to the enduring strength of Brazilian democracy,” he added.
On Tuesday, just six days before Brazilians go to the polls, White House spokeswoman Karine Jean-Pierre told a news conference that Americans would “monitor” the election on Sunday and expressed concern about the escalation of violence. politics on the streets.
“The US condemns the violence and calls on Brazilians to make their voices heard in a peaceful way,” said Jean-Pierre.
For the political scientist and former legislative advisor to the US Congress, Beatriz Rey, the move is “another political endorsement for the actions that both the White House and the State Department are already taking”.
The expectation is that the US will recognize the result of the ballot box as soon as possible after the announcement of the winner by the TSE, next Sunday or on October 30th, in the case of a second round.
The resolution was introduced by Senators Bernie Sanders, Tim Kaine, chairman of the Congressional Foreign Affairs subcommittee for the Western Hemisphere; Patrick Leahy, Jeff Merkley, Richard Blumenthal and Elizabeth Warren.
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