The Center for Public Leadership (CLP) released the 11th edition of the 2022 State Competitiveness Ranking on 9/13. Based on official data, the States are evaluated in 86 indicators, distributed in 10 pillars: Infrastructure, Social Sustainability, Public Security , Education, Fiscal Soundness, Public Machine Efficiency, Human Capital, Environmental Sustainability, Market Potential and Innovation. Grades range from zero to one hundred for each pillar. To access the full report, access the following address: https://www.rankingdecompetitividade.org.br/estados.
Acre rose 2 positions in the ranking, from 26th in 2021 to 24th in 2022. The state was ahead of Piauí, Maranhão and Amapá. Our objective today is to start presenting the first five indicators: infrastructure, social sustainability, public safety, education, fiscal soundness. Next week we will evaluate the remaining 5 pillars.
In Infrastructure, Acre remained in the penultimate position, losing only to Amazonas.
|Note: 14.4||Position: 26th||There were no changes from the 2021 edition|
Due to the current level of infrastructure shortages in the states, as well as its decisive importance for competitiveness, this pillar has the second highest weight among the 10 pillars that make up the State Competitiveness Ranking (12.5% of the overall calculation) .
The following indicators are evaluated by CLP: Accessibility of telecommunications service, quality of telecommunications service, cost of fuel, cost of basic sanitation, availability of direct flights, access to energy, cost of electric energy, quality of electric energy, quality of roads and fiber optic backhaul.
From 2021 to 2022, Acre lost a position in the accessibility of the telecommunications service, reaching the 21st position. It also lost a position in the quality of the highways, appearing in the last position. It also lost two positions in fiber optic backhaul, ranking 17th.
Social Sustainability: The reduction of maternal mortality was the highlight of Acre
|Note: 12.5||Position: 24th||↑ Up one position from the 2021 edition|
The Social Sustainability pillar is, to a large extent, a synthesis of the guiding principle of the Competitiveness Ranking of States as a whole. It is one of the three pillars with the greatest weight in the overall ranking (12.0%), along with Public Security and Infrastructure. The indicator assesses a combination of government actions that allow access to fundamental and social rights for the population as a whole.
The highlights of Acre were the growth of one position in the formality of the labor market (14th position), the increase of 4 positions in the economic insertion of young people (24th position) and the growth of 15 positions in maternal mortality occupying the third position.
Public Safety: Acre is the seventh best
|Note: 63.2||Position: 7th||↑ Up 3 positions from the 2021 edition|
For the CLP, public security is the public service that best expresses the functioning of State institutions, since the construction of order and the protection of individual rights throughout history proved to be essential for the construction of a virtuous order for the development.
The highlight of Acre in public safety was the improvement of a position in death to be clarified (5th position). Then the improvement of 4 positions in traffic morbidity (18th position) and the growth of 7 positions in personal safety (12th position), with a reduction in the so-called Intentional Violent Death Rate – MVI.
Education: Improvements in early childhood education were the highlight of Acre
|Note: 42.4||Position: 21st||↑ Up one position from the 2021 edition|
According to the CLP, the serious deficiencies in the country’s education, together with the chronic deficiency of infrastructure, are undoubtedly among the main challenges for improving national competitiveness, undermining both the potential for economic and social development.
The topics investigated are, the existence of education evaluation made by the state, IDEB. ENEM, education opportunity index, net elementary school attendance rate, net high school attendance rate and early childhood education attendance rate.
The highlights in Acre were: the improvements in the net attendance rate of elementary education, which grew two positions, reaching the 24th position and, mainly, the expressive improvement in the attendance rate of early childhood education, which rose 10 positions in the ranking, making Acre the 13th in this category.
Fiscal Solidity: Personnel expenses made Acre lose three positions in terms of
|Note: 54.4||Position: 21st||↓ One position down from the 2021 Edition|
A government without fiscal and financial credibility promotes a retraction of investments and private business, causing a drop in the production of products and services, in addition to contributing to the increase of inflation and unemployment, as interpreted by the CLP.
For the Center, to capture the degree of fiscal solidity of the States, indicators were used that take into account different, but interrelated, dimensions of fiscal sustainability. They are: Investment Rate, Golden Rule, Fiscal Solvency, Success of Budget Planning, Fiscal Dependence, Primary Result, Personnel Spending, Liquidity Index and Current Savings.
The indicators that contributed to the decline in Acre’s fiscal solidity were: personnel expenses, which lost 3 positions, ranking 25th and a drop in current savings, also 3 positions, occupying 21st position in this regard.
We will return to the topic next week and we will make observations on public machine efficiency, human capital, environmental sustainability, market potential and innovation.
Orlando Sabino writes on Thursdays at ac24 hours