see the top 5 sexually transmitted infections and learn how to protect yourself

see the top 5 sexually transmitted infections and learn how to protect yourself
see the top 5 sexually transmitted infections and learn how to protect yourself

O sex is something pleasant and important for everyone’s health, but care must be taken to avoid sexually transmitted infections (ISTs) and other problems.

See the article:

  • What is STI?
  • What is the difference between STI and STD
  • What are the most common STIs?
  • STI symptoms
  • How to protect yourself from STIs

What is STI?

According to Ministry of HealthSTIs can be caused by viruses, bacteria or other microorganisms.

Transmission occurs through sexual contact without the use of condom (condom)with someone who is infected.

In addition, infection can also occur from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.

Another form of transmission – less common – occurs by mucosal contact or broken skin with contaminated body secretions.

READ TOO: HIV: Covid-19 pandemic reduces the fight against AIDS, and Pernambuco warns of lower testing

What is the difference between STI and STD?

Previously, STIs were called Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs).

The terminology has changed because alert to the possibility of the person having and transmitting the infection even without showing symptoms.

most common STIs

The most common STIs are:

  • Genital herpes;
  • HPV – Human papillomavirus infection;
  • Hepatitis;
  • Syphilis;
  • HIV – AIDS

READ TOO: MONKEYPOX: WHO advises partner reduction for men who have sex with men

STI symptoms

There are several symptoms that may indicate STIs. Among them are sores, anogenital discharge and warts, pelvic pain, burning when urinating, skin lesionsbetween others.

Lesions may appear mainly in the genital organbut there is also the possibility of arising in other parts of the body.

It is important to take into account, however, that some sexually transmitted infections may not show signs and symptoms.

When untreated, STIs can cause infertility, other illnesses such as cancer, and even death.

Sexologist clears doubts about sex; check out:

How to protect yourself from STIs?

The instrument of protection against sexually transmitted infections is the condom useboth male and female.

Condoms are also good for avoid pregnancy. It is important to point out that even if there are other methods to prevent unwanted pregnancy, the condom is the only way to protect against STIs.

If you notice any signs or symptoms of an STI, it is important to look for a health Service. The care, diagnosis and treatment are free of charge in the health services of the SUS.

Another important recommendation for those who have an active sex life – regardless of gender and number of sexual partners – is to perform periodic examinationseven if you have no symptoms.


The article is in Portuguese

Tags: top sexually transmitted infections learn protect

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