HEALTH AND WELL-BEING: Psoriasis understanding its causes and treatment options

HEALTH AND WELL-BEING: Psoriasis understanding its causes and treatment options
HEALTH AND WELL-BEING: Psoriasis understanding its causes and treatment options

Psoriasis, a chronic skin condition that affects millions of people around the world, is the subject of increasing interest for both healthcare professionals and those living with the condition. This often misunderstood autoimmune condition deserves an in-depth analysis of its causes and available treatment options.

The disease is triggered by an overactive immune system response that leads to accelerated production of skin cells. This results in red, scaly, and often itchy patches. Several factors contribute to the development of psoriasis, including genetic predisposition, environmental and immunological factors.

Individuals with a family history of psoriasis are more likely to develop the condition. Genetic predisposition plays a significant role, but not everyone who has a genetic predisposition develops psoriasis.

Physical or emotional stress, infections, skin injuries, and certain medications can trigger or worsen psoriasis flare-ups. The weather can also play a role, with many people experiencing improvement during the warmer months.

Psoriasis is considered an autoimmune disease, where the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy skin cells. This leads to an increase in the production of skin cells, resulting in the characteristic psoriatic lesions.

Although psoriasis is a chronic condition with no definitive cure, there are a variety of treatments available to control symptoms and improve patients’ quality of life.

1. Topical Treatments:

Ointments and creams containing corticosteroids to reduce inflammation.

Vitamin D analogues to normalize cell growth.

Topical retinoids to reduce inflammation and decrease skin cell production.

2. Phototherapy:

Controlled exposure to ultraviolet light (UVB) under medical supervision.

3. Systemic Medications:

Oral or injectable medications to modulate the immune system, such as cytokine inhibitors.

4. Biological Therapies:

Treatments that target specific components of the immune system to reduce inflammation.

5. Lifestyle and Stress Management:

Adopting healthy habits, reducing stress and practicing relaxation techniques.

It is essential that psoriasis patients seek guidance from healthcare professionals to develop a personalized treatment plan. As research continues to advance, new therapies and approaches are constantly developing, offering hope for more effective management of psoriasis in the future.

The article is in Portuguese

Tags: HEALTH WELLBEING Psoriasis understanding treatment options



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