Dengue: missing from the SUS, vaccines have been in clinics in the DF for 7 months


While the public network awaits doses of vaccine against dengue, the private network in the Federal District has around 10,000 doses of the Qdenga vaccine. The vaccines have been purchased by private clinics since July last year, and have therefore been available for seven months. The data are from the Brazilian Association of Vaccine Clinics (ABCVAC).

Despite the offer in clinics, the Ministry of Health only opened a public consultation regarding the purchase of the vaccine in December. Immunizers must be administered in two doses. Therefore, they are only available to 5 thousand people aged 4 to 60 in the Federal District.

Qdenga: who can get the dengue vaccine?

According to data from the Department of Health, the target audience for immunization in 2024 is children and adolescents aged 10 to 14. In DF, this population is estimated at 194 thousand people.

The Federal District is the federation unit with the highest incidence of the disease in the country. According to the latest epidemiological bulletin, there are already almost 30 thousand probable cases of the disease in the DF, making it one of the places of greatest concern for the Ministry of Health.

The federal agency announced that the campaign should begin in February.

6 thousand patients per day

In one day, the public health network in the Federal District treated more than 6 thousand patients with suspected dengue fever. According to data from the Health Department Information Portal (SES-DF), between January 28 and 29, 6,976 consultations related to the disease were carried out.

During this period, the majority of people who sought assistance were aged 20 to 24. The age group totaled 657 visits related to dengue since January 28th.

Children, aged 0 to 14, total 721 consultations of this type. Elderly people aged 60 or over account for 1,000 visits due to dengue symptoms.

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Dengue is an infectious disease transmitted by the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. With greater incidence in summer, its main symptoms are: body aches and high fever. Considered a serious public health problem in Brazil, the disease can lead to patient death
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Aedes aegypti has diurnal habits, can be found in urban areas and requires stagnant water to allow the larvae to develop and become adults, after the eggs hatch, within 10 days.
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Aedes aegypti, also known as the dengue mosquito - Metropolis

Infection of humans only occurs through the bite of a female mosquito. Aedes aegypti transmits the virus through saliva when it feeds on blood, which is necessary for eggs to be produced.
Joao Paulo Burini/ Getty Images

Aedes aegypti, also known as the dengue mosquito - Metropolis

In general, dengue has four serotypes. This means that a single person can be infected by each of these microorganisms and generate permanent immunity to each of them. In other words, it is possible to be infected up to four times
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Person lying down looking at a thermometer that indicates body temperature - Metropolis

The first signs are generally not specific. They appear about three days after the mosquito bite and can include: high fever, which usually lasts 2 to 7 days, headache, body and joint pain, weakness, pain behind the eyes, rash, nausea and vomiting
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Woman lying on a hospital stretcher - Metrópoles

During the period when the fever decreases or disappears, most cases progress towards recovery and cure of the disease. However, some patients may experience more severe symptoms, which include bleeding and can lead to death.
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Woman in front of a toilet as if she was going to vomit - Metrópoles

In severe cases, the symptoms are: persistent vomiting, intense and continuous abdominal pain, or pain when the abdomen is touched, loss of sensation and movements, bloody urine, bleeding from mucous membranes, dizziness and drop in blood pressure, enlargement of the liver and red blood cells or erythrocytes in the blood
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Person sitting on hospital stretcher - metropolis

In these cases, symptoms result in shock, which happens when a critical volume of blood plasma is lost. Signs of this condition are clammy skin, rapid and weak pulse, agitation and decreased blood pressure
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Blonde woman lying on the floor - Metrópoles

Some patients may also present neurological manifestations, such as seizures and irritability. Shock lasts for a short time and can lead to death within 12 to 24 hours, or rapid recovery after appropriate anti-shock therapy.
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Person holding pills in hands - metropolis

Despite its severity, dengue can be treated with analgesics and antipyretics, under medical supervision, such as paracetamol or dipyrone to alleviate symptoms.
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Woman lying on a hospital stretcher - Metrópoles

To complete the treatment, rest and fluid intake are recommended. In the case of dengue hemorrhagic fever, therapy must be carried out in the hospital, with the use of medication and, if necessary, platelet transfusion.
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Dengue scenario in DF

According to the most recent updates, the Federal District registered almost 30 thousand probable cases and six deaths caused by dengue, between January 1st and last weekend. There are exactly 29,492 probable cases of the disease. The DF Health Department is investigating another 24 deaths.

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The article is in Portuguese

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