In recent days, a new case of bovine rabies was confirmed in the Campina das Pedras region, rural area of Araucária. At the beginning of October, the first case had been confirmed in the neighboring region of Campestre. Still in October, Araucária City Hall made the vaccine available to properties with herds within a 5km radius of Campestre and is now making the vaccines available to regions within a 10km radius of the second confirmed case (near Campina das Pedras).
This action to make doses of rabies vaccine available is aimed at producers in the following regions: Boa Vista, Campina das Pedras, Campo Redondo, Camundá, Capela Velha, Colônia Cristina, Faxinal do Tanque, Formigueiro, Guajuvira, Guajuvira de Cima, Ipiranga, Lagoa Suja, Palmital, Porto das Laranjeiras, Rio Below, Rio Verde Below, Rio Verde Above, Roça Nova, São Miguel, Taquarova, Tietê and Thomaz Coelho.
It is worth remembering that rabies is a highly lethal disease, which is why the City Hall, ADAPAR (Paraná Agricultural Defense Agency) and other competent bodies warn and recommend the vaccination of animals in order to prevent the incidence of the disease in production animals. (cattle, horses, sheep, pigs, buffaloes, goats). Furthermore, it is important to follow the guidelines provided by the Municipal Department of Agriculture (SMAG):
- Perform vaccination (herbivore rabies vaccine) on ALL production animals. SMAG is once again contacting producers and is providing doses of the vaccine that must be collected at the secretariat’s headquarters. It is recommended that other producers in the municipality, from all rural areas, also vaccinate their herd.
- Use vampiricidal paste around the place where the animal was bitten by a bat (the main transmitter of rabies);
- Immediately notify ADAPAR to collect material from animals suspected of contracting the disease;
- Immediately notify the Municipal Health Department (SMSA) in case of contact of people with animals suspected or confirmed to have rabies.
TRANSMISSION AND CLINICAL SIGNS IN PRODUCTION ANIMALS
It is important to highlight that rabies is a disease caused by a virus and can affect several species of animals, including humans. The disease has no cure and is fatal, only the vaccine can prevent its onset.
The disease manifests itself in production animals through isolation from the herd, salivation, aggression, staggering gait, falling, paralysis of limbs with pedaling movements and death.
The virus is transmitted through biting, scratching or licking an infected animal. For production animals (cattle, buffaloes, horses, mules, donkeys, sheep, goats and pigs), the main transmitter of rabies is the vampire bat of the species Desmodus rotundus.
HOW TO ACT IF YOU SUSPECTED ANGER
If rabies is suspected, under no circumstances should the animal be handled, which must be isolated immediately. Notification must be made to the Department of Health (in the case of bats, dogs, cats and wild animals) or the Department of Agriculture (in the case of production animals). These will confirm the suspicion and notify ADAPAR, which will collect the material for laboratory testing. If so, the appropriate measures will be taken.
There is no treatment for rabies and diagnosis is only possible after the death of the animal, with the collection of material from the Central Nervous System that is sent to the laboratory for examination. The suspected bats also exhibit abnormal behavior, as they are naturally nocturnal animals and when infected they can be found flying during the day or lying down. In these cases, under no circumstances touch or handle the animal.
If anyone comes into contact with the saliva of suspected or positive animals, they must immediately notify the SMSA, which will carry out the appropriate vaccination protocol for people after viral exposure.
DOMESTIC ANIMALS (SMALL)
The Municipal Health Department (SMSA) highlights that the State of Paraná has a favorable epidemiological situation regarding rabies transmitted by dogs. The last case recorded in dogs was in 2005. In humans, the disease has not been diagnosed since 1989. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), a region is defined as free from canine rabies when there are no cases of rabies transmitted by dogs through fur. least 2 years; which is the case of Paraná.
Still, vaccinating these animals is the most effective and cheapest form of prevention. The vaccine is different for dogs and cats and farm animals. In farm animals, the vaccine must be given from 3 months of age, with a booster after 1 month and thereafter with an annual booster. In dogs and cats, the vaccination protocol starts at 4 months of age with an annual booster.
- ADAPAR: 3393-3675.
- Municipal Secretariat of Agriculture (SMAG) – Veterinary Department: 3614-7531.
- Municipal Health Department (SMSA) – Epidemiological Surveillance: 3614-7763.
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