The government is preparing the “Message to the National Congress 2024”, which will be sent by President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) to parliamentarians at the opening of the legislative year, on Monday (5). In it, the Executive must defend the focus on reforming income taxation, within the second phase of tax reform, in addition to increasing the supply of credit.
The document, sent annually by presidents to parliament, lists priority agendas and a balance of actions already carried out. This year’s text has not yet been finalized by the Civil House of the Presidency of the Republic, but, when it is delivered next week, it should leave the hands of the chief minister of the ministry, Rui Costa (PT). O g1 had access to a preliminary version of the essay.
Among the priority actions listed in the document are:
- measures to increase the supply and reduce the cost of credit;
- build the second stage of tax reform, focusing on income taxation;
- projects for ecological transformation;
- improvement of taxation of financial products.
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The government is betting that economic growth in 2024 will have a greater contribution from domestic demand, driven by real growth in the minimum wage and income transfer policies, such as Bolsa Família, in addition to investments in the New PAC.
“The seriousness in conducting economic policy made it possible for us to close 2023 with inflation low and within the target. Our Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew well above what many estimated at the beginning of the year. We once again created jobs with a formal contract. And we are moving forward to continue growing consistently in the coming years”, says the preliminary text, right in the presentation.
Relations with Congress
The government expects the president of the National Congress, Rodrigo Pacheco (PSD-MG), only convene the session to analyze President Lula’s vetoes from April onwards. In the meantime, the government intends to find solutions to resolve the discomfort caused by Lula’s veto of R$5.6 billion in committee amendments in this year’s budget. It is up to Pacheco to call the Congress session for these votes.
Initially, the government intended to signal some alternative, as soon as the legislative work resumed. He was worried about placating the dissatisfaction of allies aligned with the political group of the president of the Chamber, Arthur Lira (PP-AL).
In the assessment of Lula’s assistants, Lira considers that the continuity of the bloc currently led by him as president of the Chamber is at stake. The understanding is that Lira fears that the government will influence the process of choosing the new president of the Chamber to the detriment of the candidate supported by him.
The government counts on Pacheco’s collaboration to hold in the Senate the approval of agendas unwanted by the government that can be approved by deputies. In return, Pacheco would gain Lula’s favor for a possible candidacy for the government of Minas Gerais, where the current governor, Romeu Zema (Novo), supported Bolsonaro in 2022.
Parliamentarians have already started to pressure the government to speed up the release of the mandatory amendments by June, the deadline imposed by the electoral law, taking into account this year’s municipal elections.
The Minister of Planning and Budget, Simone Tebet, was in charge of analyzing which areas of the government it will be possible to cut resources to restore the volume of money allocated to commission amendments.
Measures that the government intends to implement in 2024
In addition to economic topics, the message sent to the National Congress should also highlight actions and projects that the government intends to develop in 2024, such as:
- use of cameras by police agencies of the Ministry of Justice, such as the PF and PRF;
- launch of a program to combat religious racism and religious intolerance;
- creation of the new National Register of Trade Unions;
- implement the Rural Property Regularization Project in the Amazon and in areas transitioning to the Cerrado, with support for the environmental recovery of 10 thousand hectares in rural properties smaller than four fiscal modules;
- improve the solid waste policy with reverse logistics targets for each type of material;
- creation of a “Transition Ramp from MEI to ME”, so that individual entrepreneurs can become micro-entrepreneurs;
- preparation of a proposal to review the legal framework for community radio stations;
- establish a regulatory framework for reception of open TV signals via satellites;
- resumption of the internationalization of TV Brasil, which had been discontinued in 2017.