Why did a region of Canada declare a state of emergency to monitor the total solar eclipse?

Why did a region of Canada declare a state of emergency to monitor the total solar eclipse?
Why did a region of Canada declare a state of emergency to monitor the total solar eclipse?

The Niagara region of the Canadian province of Ontariowhere the Niagara Fallsdeclared a state of emergency to receive a eclipse total solar event that will take place on April 8th this year.

A total solar eclipse can be seen in North America on April 8, 2024 Photograph: Canadian Space Agency/Reproduction

Some areas of Mexico, the United States and Canada will be able to witness the eclipse in its entirety. Observers in Western Europe will be able to view the event in partial form.

  • A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth, blocking much of the star. At that moment, the sky becomes darker.

Niagara will be one of the best places in Canada to observe the total solar eclipse and is preparing to receive thousands of visitors.

According to the region’s government, the state of emergency, which began last week, represents a caution so that Niagara can receive and accommodate visitors.

Several establishments will be closed on the day of the eclipse to avoid car traffic on the roads.

Furthermore, most schools, as well as most health services, will be closed on April 8. The government recommended that the population fill water tanks fuel and shop and purchase first aid items before the day of the eclipse.

The management also said that the population should prepare for long queues and crowds. While traveling on the 8th, people should not stop their car on the road to take photos or view the eclipse, the government said.

Another important point for observing the eclipse is the use of equipment, such as sunglasses with specific certification for viewing eclipses. Ordinary sunglasses will not be able to prevent vision damage.

The damage caused to the retina when looking directly at the sun is permanent and there is no treatment available, says the government. In the province of Ontario, the eclipse will occur around 3 pm.

How to watch the eclipse in Brazil?

The total solar eclipse will not be visible from Brazil, but the United States Aerospace Agency (NASA) will make a recording available live of the phenomenon.

According to the National Observatory, the lunar eclipse can be observed from any point on Earth where the Moon is appearing. But, the solar eclipse is visible only on a part of the planet.

Recently, a penumbral eclipse was recorded in Rio Grande do Sul by Heller & Jung Observatory. During these phenomena, instead of a complete alignment between the Earth, the Sun and the Moon, the satellite is in the Earth’s penumbra area, which causes a reduction in the Moon’s luminosity.

Next total solar eclipse

A total solar eclipse happens every 18 months. But as they can only be seen from a narrow strip of Earth, they appear to be very rare. According to NASA, the next total solar eclipse visible in U.S will take place in August 2044.

Already one of the provinces of Canada, Quebec, will be able to witness the next phenomenon of this type in about 80 years, in 2106, according to information from the Canadian Space Agency (CSA). The last time the region witnessed the event was in 1972.

But the next total solar eclipse on the planet as a whole won’t take that long. In August 2026, observers from Spain, a small part of Portugal, Russia, Iceland and Greenland will be able to witness the phenomenon.

The article is in Portuguese

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