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Learn how Van Eyck perfected oil painting – 11/24/2022 – Ilustrada

Learn how Van Eyck perfected oil painting – 11/24/2022 – Ilustrada
Learn how Van Eyck perfected oil painting – 11/24/2022 – Ilustrada

Installed in the Cathedral of Saint Bavo, in Belgium, the altarpiece “The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb” is considered a major work in European painting. No wonder, a large part of the 29O volume of the Folha Grandes Pintores Collection, dedicated to the trajectory of the flamenco artist Jan van Eyck, focuses on the work.

Although the polyptych was made by both Van Eyck and his older brother, and it is not possible to clearly define the contribution of each one, it is a consensus among critics that the audacity is due to the hands of Jan.

For this piece, he abandons the far-fetched effects of the international Gothic style and inaugurates a monumental realism, visible not only in the construction of spaces of nature and the city, but also in clothes, jewelry and musical instruments.

In “The Lives of the Most Illustrious Painters of the Netherlands and Germany”, from 1604, the painter and biographer Karel van Mander even wrote that the colors of the painting, “so unalterable and so beautiful that they seem to be fresh”, left the artists haunted to the point of discouraging them in their productions.

In addition to this legacy, the collection also emphasizes how Van Eyck perfected the oil painting technique. The colors, mixed with a drying oil, were applied successively to a wooden support prepared with a composition made of plaster and glue.

His contribution to the portrait genre was also immense. The most famous of them is “The Man in the Red Turban”, from 1433, in which a gentleman appears in half profile with his eyes fixed on the viewer, something that, at the time, was a novelty. The realism, not idealized, is in details such as wrinkles, skin folds and hair on the chin.

Before Van Eyck, nudes had a kind of sentimentality. The artist was the first to make them without surrendering to any type of correction or embellishment. In “The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb”, for example, Adam has visible veins on his arms and a reddened face, while the rest of his body, usually hidden by his clothes, remains pale.


How to buy

collection website

Telephone: (11) 3224-3090 (Greater São Paulo) and 0800 775 8080 (other locations)

Free shipping SP, RJ, MG and PR (with the purchase of the complete collection)

On newsstands for R$ 22.90 the volume

Complete collection: BRL 687; separate batch (with six volumes): BRL 134.70

The article is in Portuguese

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